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The present paper is devoted to the centenary of the remarkably popular poet and outstanding master of the Russian language, Alexander Tvardovsky (1910–1971). His artistic personality was marked by a peculiar double bind that caused him much anguish and risky conflicts despite all the honours he had received in his life. On the one hand, he cherished the idea of humanitarian communism compatible with democracy and the dignity of the individual; on the other, he was profoundly devoted to truth, and definitely insisted on his right and poetic duty to voice it. During the course of time he became more and more conscious of the illusory nature of his ideals. In his longer poems he represented the great turns in the life of Soviet society. Tvardovsky developed a flexible and terse style based on vigorous everyday popular speech; in post-war years this style has become loftier and more philosophic following (but not imitating) the tradition of Pushkin. Tvardovsky’s activities as the chief editor of the journal Novy Mir opened a significant turn in the literary life of his country promising the approach of an epoch of enlightenment and free speech.

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September 1929, when the ministry of culture established the department of ethnology at the University of Szeged, the first of its kind in Hungary, was an important milestone in the history of ethnology as a discipline in Hungary. The later professor and head of the department was Sándor Bálint (1904-1980), outstanding researcher on the cultural history and folk life of Szeged and ethnology of religion in Hungary. In the 2004/2005 academic year the University of Szeged, the museum and the municipality commemorated the 75th anniversary of the establishment of the department of ethnology and the centenary of the birth of Sándor Bálint with an exhibition, the publication of books, anniversary conferences and film screenings. The anniversary events were held with the participation of Hungarian and international representatives of our discipline and the related fields.

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The beginnings of the professional sociology in Hungary goes back to January 1900, the first issue of the Huszadik Század (Twentieth Century) and to January 1901, the foundation of the Társadalomtudományi Társaság (Society of Social Sciences), the first community of Hungarian social thought and science. The 100th anniversary is an occasion for remembering the main characteristics, the greatest representatives and the outstanding achievements of the first period, that of the two decades of the last century in the history of the Hungarian sociology. The remembrance focuses on the great sociological theories, and attempts to understand and conceptualize the main social processes of the turn of the century. The author emphasizes the impact of the political approaches on the sociological thought. Providing an overview of the Huszadik Század, he calls attention to the importance of this periodical in the Hungarian cultural history.  

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Fejér , Tamás – Gálfi , Emőke (eds.): A rendtartó történész: Tanulmányok Imreh István születésének századik évfordulójára. [The Orderly Historian: Studies for the Centenary of the Birth of István Imreh] . Kolozsvár/Cluj Napoca – Budapest

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An optimized method for the extraction and quantification of artemisinin using high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) from dried Artemisia annua L. leaf was established. Seven solvents with different polarities were used for the efficient extraction of artemisinin by hot Soxhlet as well as by conventional soaking method at room temperature. Among these solvents, n-hexane was found to be the superior solvent for both extraction methods. The chromatographic separation was carried out on precoated silica gel plate G60 F254 using n-hexane-ethyl acetate-acetic acid (2:1:0.1) as the mobile phase, and densitometric analysis was carried out in absorbance mode at 540 nm after derivatization with anisaldehyde spraying reagent. The HPTLC method was validated for specificity as well as for recovery. The optimized mobile phase gave well-defined peaks of artemisinin at R f value of 0.43 ± 0.006. The linear regression analysis of the calibration plots using standard artemisinin exhibited good linear relationship with regression coefficient (R 2) of 0.977 within the range of 200–1000 μg spot−1. The method was validated for specificity by overlaying UV spectra and sensitivity with determination of the limit of detection (30 ng spot−1) and limit of quantitation (80 ng spot−1) values. Accuracy was demonstrated by the recovery studies with average percentage recovery of over 80%. Intra-day and inter-day precisions were found to be 0.606 and 0.667 % RSD. The proposed HPTLC method can be applied for robust identification and quantitative determination of artemisinin.

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