The first Hungarian kidney transplantation was performed in 1962, in Szeged, by András Németh (1924–1999). The first semester at the university in Szeged started in 1921, so this year we celebrate the centenary. This event inspired authors to review the history of kidney transplantation in Szeged, remembering the first one and point of the cornerstones in the transplant program. The donor of the first Hungarian kidney transplantation was the brother of the recipient. The operation itself was technically successful, but the lack of immunosuppression caused graft rejection, and the patient died after 79 days. His brother, the donor was healthy, after 50 years, and he encouraged everybody to donate organs. The organized kidney transplant program started more than 10 years later, in 1973, in Budapest. The program was supported by the Ministry of Health. Szeged joined the program in 1979 led by Ernő Csajbók and Pál Szenohradszky. In the Transplant Center in Szeged, developed organizationally as well as professionally, 1701 kidney transplantation has been performed up to the end of the year 2021.
For the centenary of the Department of Surgery, University of Szeged we have investigated and summarized the results and outcomes of 779 anti-reflux surgery cases between 1. January 2000 – 31. May 2021. The indication for surgery was made in close collaboration with the internal medicine workgroup depending on the results of endoscopy and functional tests. The primer indication for surgery was medical therapy-resistant reflux disease. Based on our clinical practice we performed laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication in 98,2% of the cases.
Besides the long- and short-term postoperative complications, we investigated the long-term effect of anti-reflux surgery on acid and bile reflux, and the improvement of the patients' quality of life using the Visick score, and modified GERD-HRLQ score. Our investigations have proven the effect of acid and bile reflux in the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus and furthermore we have confirmed that laparoscopic anti-reflux surgery restores the function of the lower esophageal sphincter and eliminates acid and bile reflux, so in certain cases Barrett's esophagus regression can be achieved. But due to the heterogeneity of GERD and Barrett's esophagus long-term and regular endoscopic control is necessary.