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-point description of shape: a representation for action coding and its psychophysical correlates. Vision Res, 38 (15–16), 2323–2333. Kovacs, I., Julesz, B. (1993): A closed curve is much more than an incomplete one: effect of closure in

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The primary visual cortex (V1) of the mammalian brain is equipped with a specifically connected network of neurons that can potentially solve difficult image processing tasks. These neurons are selectively tuned for locations in visual space and also for line orientation. The coupling of location and orientation tuning results in the neural representation of the visual world in terms of local features. These local features, e.g., oriented line segments, will have to be linked together in order to parse the visual world into regions corresponding to object and ground. Although standard models of V1 do not address the issue of interacting neuronal populations, we suggest that the long-range connectivity pattern of V1 provides an architecture where spreading neural activity may lead to pertinent figure-ground segmentation. The model relies on the fact that in addition to the processing units, their connections are also selectively tuned for space and orientation. From the computational point of view, the model uses a minimalist approach that applies the fundamental concepts of Gestalt psychology – proximity, similarity and continuity – to the spreading of neuronal activation signals. This model is successful in predicting psychophysical performance of human observers, and provides an account of the computational power of V1.

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closure on affect-laden struggles during the acute effects of relevant molecules could improve wellbeing. These insights and breakthroughs overlap with mystical experiences but help account for improvements in wellbeing. But the choices among traits that

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completion, or therapeutic closure at the end of the session that leaves them feeling a re-dose is not necessary, whereas those partaking of the substance via the vaporization route are left feeling their process is inconclusive, leading them to re-dose more

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módszertan, óratervekkel [Foreign language learning by the hearing impaired in Hungary. Project-closure reports and methodology with lesson plans]. Budapest, Hungary : Tinta Könyvkiadó

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school closures in March 2020, the joining rate to digital and general K12 teaching methodology Facebook groups skyrocketed; therefore, the questionnaire was distributed on these platforms with a short message to teachers. The downloaded Excel data pool

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or completely ) with incremental units of one. The EBI includes statements such as “I felt able to explore challenging emotions and memories” and asks about “emotional release,” “closure,” “emotional breakthrough,” and “resolution of conflict.” The

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outperformed those in the control arm on primary and secondary outcome measures at study closure ( Mitchell et al., 2023 ). Significant differences on CAPS and SDS scores were observed between treatment and placebo groups, with effect sizes of d = 0.7 and d

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Journal of Psychedelic Studies
Authors:
Abraham Hafiz Rodriguez
,
Sarah Nath Zallek
,
Michael Xu
,
Jean Aldag
,
Lori Russell-Chapin
,
Tobias A. Mattei
, and
N. Scott Litofsky

without any visual input, since closure of the eyes often leads to states of relaxed wakefulness (predominately accompanied by alpha frequencies) and Stage 1 (N1) NREM sleep (predominately accompanied by theta and alpha frequencies) ( Britton et al., 2016

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inability of the body to “flexibly” open and extend into the world produces a progressive closure which many patients compare to being locked in a prison, with no possibility of escape ( Ratcliffe, 2015 , pp. 64–71). Hence, understanding this experience will

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