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. The closure of the problem was first performed by Boussinesq, who introduced the concept of eddy viscosity. The additional turbulence stresses are then treated by increasing the molecular viscosity with an eddy viscosity. Among the classical closure

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in the business, political conditions and closure. Ref. [ 6 ] indicated that several internal and external causes might affect the construction firm's failure. They recommended that the firm should take into consideration the adverse effects for

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, and technological issues evolve at the same time [ 39 ]. The life cycle of a mining project can be divided into four main steps: exploration, development, operation, and closure ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 3. The life cycle of a mining project (adapted from [ 40

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, “ Effect of bracket slot and archwire dimensions on anterior tooth movement during space closure in sliding mechanics: a 3-dimensional finite element study ,” Am. J. Orthod. Dentofacial Orthop. , vol. 146 , no. 2 , pp. 166 – 174 , 2014 . [2] P

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Derivative Technique), tangent stiffness, or VCCT (Virtual Crack Closure Technique) are employed to calculate the components of the critical rate of energy release G C using the principles of LMR. A more

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. The use of glass also goes back a long way, with the perfect convenience of glass packaging brought about by the invention of the metal closure in the mid-1800s. Here is where we arrived to the period of the use of metal, plastic and associated

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movement of construction material, labor, and equipment between governorates, which lead to a slowdown in the progress of construction projects. The economic outcomes are highly affected by the market access due to slow and arbitrary closure as controlling

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initial burette air volume was recorded. The prepared Al–Cu–Zn alloy was separately released into the HCl and H 2 SO 4 solutions. This was immediately followed by the quick closure of the mylius cell. The hydrogen gas volume evolving was observed based on

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downturns largely unscathed [ 5 ]. In recent years, the sector has weathered large fluctuations in metal prices, closures of mines here and abroad, political instability in competing producer countries, tightening of environmental legislation, and shifts in

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