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Important differences have been reported in several countries about the level of concern in connection with food additives. In order to better understand the consumer preferences related to foodstuffs containing food additives, five hypotheses were tested with the help of a choice-based conjoint analysis. The study was performed in three European countries (Hungary, Romania, and Spain) having different risk perceptions concerning food additives. Two “model foodstuffs” were involved in the analysis: pre-packed sliced cheese (natural image) and chips (artificial image). For the creation of the conjoint cards, three attributes were selected: “preservatives” (natural/artificial), “packaging gases” (contains/does not contain) and “price” (average based on market data/+10%/+20%). Results were collected via Internet simultaneously and a total of 500 valid questionnaires were received in case of pre-packed cheese and 468 regarding chips. In the analysed countries “preservatives” had an outstanding importance — mainly in Hungary and Romania —, while “packaging gases” got lower importance during the shopping intention. “Natural preservatives” very positively contributed to the choosing of both pre-packed sliced cheese and chips. High level of willingness to pay was not observed, as well as the “price” was less important factor than the additives. Comparison of the data from three countries showed notable differences, which can determine the direction of the product planning and development.

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors:
V. Losó
,
A. Tóth
,
A. Gere
,
J. Heszberger
,
G. Székely
,
Z. Kókai
, and
L. Sipos

Helgesen, H., Solheim, R. & Næs, T. (1997): Consumer preference mapping of dry fermented lamb sausages. Fd Quality Preference , 8 , 97–109. Næs T. Consumer preference mapping of dry

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The present study investigated how sighted and blind sensory assessors evaluated the quality of various apple varieties: Regal Prince (Gala Must), Jonagold Schneica (Jonica), Watson Jonathan, Golden Reinders and Generos. A total of 80 sighted and 12 blind people participated in the study, in three groups (sighted people without blindfolds, sighted people with blindfolds, blind people). The preference of sensory attributes (size, shape, colour, texture, taste and odour) was evaluated on a six-category scale. The data were analysed using single-factor (ANOVA, LSD95%, 99%) and multi-factor (Cluster analysis, ANOVA, LSD95%, 99%) evaluation. The results showed that blind and sighted assessors made similar judgements on external attributes perceptible by touch (size, shape), but differed in their evaluation of certain quality factors (flavour, taste), resulting in opponent patterns of preference on some apple varieties (Generos, Jonagold Schneica). A further conclusion of the experiment is that there was less deviation between the judgements of sighted assessors when they saw the apples than when they were blindfolded. The background of this phenomenon might be explained by the uncertainty and disturbed perception, which lead to inconsistent judgements.

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food items. For example, Wang (2019) showed that curiosity increases consumers' preferences for unhealthy food. Another study by Lusk (2019) used the Best-Worst Scaling method to uncover American consumers' perception of healthy food, and the

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Introduction The consumers' preference is depending on the appearance not only in the case of table grape varieties but many horticultural crops. Numerous researches are dealing with this question. Although the colour of crops is a subjective factor

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emissions, c) preservation of farmland and rural lifestyles, and reduced food-based shortage ( Lev et al., 2014 ). These impacts form part of consumer preference and reflect a positive attitude toward these categories of product and in their willingness to

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The review shows recent development of sensory analysis interfaced with the measurements of consumer preferences and its unique position among food analysis methods. Possibilities of application of sensory methods in the area of food science, product development and food quality assurance are discussed on three examples (case studies) taken from the authors own research.

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The aim of the research is to reveal the most important influencing factors that lead to consumers’ acceptance of personalised nutrition based on genetic testing. A nationwide representative questionnaire-based consumer survey was carried out involving 500 people in Hungary in 2014. The results show that consumers are divided over the new technology. Only 27.0% of the respondents have a positive attitude toward the new possibility, and they would be glad to use this new service in order to stay healthy. The rate of those who would have a genetic test because they want to follow a diet tailored to their needs is very low (16.0%). Our result suggested that the most important factors in consumer preference on personalised nutrition are positive health message and perceived risk/benefits, gender, and educational level. The most important factors regarding the attitude toward genetic testing are easy usage, benefits, the agreement among experts, and educational level.

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Abstract

Wafer cream is an important product used in many foods, especially confectionery products, and consumed with delight. Therefore, nutritional enrichment of this product is of great importance. In this study, a new functional product was developed by adding carob molasses pulp (CMP) flour obtained from carob fruit, which has unique nutritional and bioactive properties, to wafer cream, increasing its nutritional value and antioxidant activity. When 15% CMP flour was added to the wafer cream formulation, there was an increase of approximately 58.43 and 78.77%, respectively, in total polyphenol and antioxidant levels compared to the control group (without CMP flour). In addition, since the product developed is in cocoa colour, consumer preference has increased. It has been determined that phytochemical and nutritive components of the wafer cream increased as a result of the use of carob flour.

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To know and to understand consumers’ preferences is essential in every kind of product development. Consumers make their decision on the basis of numerous factors. In case of mineral waters it is frequently mentioned, that sensory quality is an important attribute of the product. To investigate the real importance of this quality parameter we analysed several mineral waters, which are available on the Hungarian market, with the aim of searching for differences between the products. The applied qualitative method — software-supported profile analysis — is suitable for comparing samples in a much detailed way. Panelists were trained for the use of scales, but they were not selected according to their sensory acuity. This way we simulated the group of consumers — not in a representative, but in a similar way (e.g. average sensory acuity). The aim of the research was to compare the sensory profiles of the samples, and to find those characteristics, in which they actually differ.

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