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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Engin Karadağ, Şule Betül Tosuntaş, Evren Erzen, Pinar Duru, Nalan Bostan, Berrak Mizrak Şahin, İlkay Çulha, and Burcu Babadağ

Background and aims

Phubbing can be described as an individual looking at his or her mobile phone during a conversation with other individuals, dealing with the mobile phone and escaping from interpersonal communication. In this research, determinants of phubbing behavior were investigated; in addition, the effects of gender, smart phone ownership and social media membership were tested as moderators.

Methods

To examine the cause–effect relations among the variables of the theoretical model, the research employs a correlational design. Participants were 409 university students who were selected via random sampling. Phubbing was obtained via the scales featuring mobile phone addiction, SMS addiction, internet addiction, social media addiction and game addiction. The obtained data were analyzed using a correlation analysis, multiple linear regression analysis and structural equation model.

Results

The results showed that the most important determinants of phubbing behavior are mobile phone, SMS, social media and internet addictions.

Discussion

Although the findings show that the highest correlation value explaining phubbing is a mobile phone addiction, the other correlation values reflect a dependency on the phone.

Conclusions

There is an increasing tendency towards mobile phone use, and this tendency prepares the basis of phubbing.

Open access

(48.3) Probable fatigue No (<4) 940(69.5) Yes (≥4) 412(30.5) Probable depression No (<10) 1,238(91.6) Yes (≥10) 114(8.4) Correlations among the variables The Pearson’s correlation analysis ( Table 2 ) showed that workaholism was positively correlated with stress

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uses. The second research question (R2) could be inferred from the results of both bivariate correlation analysis as well as EGA results. The number of associations as well as effect sizes could indicate if PSU is driven by specific platform use. While

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Fatih Canan, Servet Karaca, Melike Düzgün, Ayşe Merve Erdem, Esranur Karaçaylı, Nur Begüm Topan, Sang-Kyu Lee, Zu Wei Zhai, Murat Kuloğlu, and Marc N. Potenza

Background and aims

The ratio of the second and fourth fingers (2D:4D ratio) is a sexually dimorphic trait, with men tending to have lower values than women. This ratio has been related to prenatal testosterone concentrations and addictive behaviors including problematic video-gaming. We aimed to investigate the possible association between 2D:4D ratios and Internet addiction and whether such a relationship would be independent of impulsivity.

Methods

A total of 652 university students (369 women, 283 men), aged 17–27 years, were enrolled in the study. Problematic and pathological Internet use (PPIU) was assessed using the Internet Addiction Test (IAT). The participants also completed the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (version 11; BIS-11) and had their 2D:4D ratios measured.

Results

2D:4D ratios were not significantly different in women with PPIU and in those with adaptive Internet use (AIU). Men with PPIU exhibited lower 2D:4D ratios on both hands when compared with those with AIU. Correlation analysis revealed that 2D:4D ratios on both hands were negatively correlated with IAT scores among men, but not among women. The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that age, duration of weekly Internet use, impulsiveness, and 2D:4D ratios on the right hand were independently associated with IAT scores among men, and impulsivity did not mediate the relationship between 2D:4D ratios and PPIU.

Conclusions

For men, 2D:4D ratios on the right hand were inversely correlated with Internet addiction severity even after controlling for individual differences in impulsivity. These findings suggest that high prenatal testosterone levels may contribute to the occurrence of PPIU among men.

Open access

Background and aims

This study focuses on the use of popular information and communication technologies (ICTs) by adolescents: the Internet, mobile phones, and video games. The relationship of ICT use and experiential avoidance (EA), a construct that has emerged as underlying and transdiagnostic to a wide variety of psychological problems, including behavioral addictions, is examined. EA refers to a self-regulatory strategy involving efforts to control or escape from negative stimuli such as thoughts, feelings, or sensations that generate strong distress. This strategy, which may be adaptive in the short term, is problematic if it becomes an inflexible pattern. Thus, the aim of this study was to explore whether EA patterns were associated with addictive or problematic use of ICT in adolescents.

Methods

A total of 317 students of the Spanish southeast between 12 and 18 years old were recruited to complete a questionnaire that included questions about general use of each ICTs, an experiential avoidance questionnaire, a brief inventory of the Big Five personality traits, and specific questionnaires on problematic use of the Internet, mobile phones, and video games.

Results

Correlation analysis and linear regression showed that EA largely explained results regarding the addictive use of the Internet, mobile phones, and video games, but not in the same way. As regards gender, boys showed a more problematic use of video games than girls. Concerning personality factors, conscientiousness was related to all addictive behaviors.

Discussion and conclusions

We conclude that EA is an important construct that should be considered in future models that attempt to explain addictive behaviors.

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Josephine Savard, Tatja Hirvikoski, Katarina Görts Öberg, Cecilia Dhejne, Christoffer Rahm, and Jussi Jokinen

Abstract

Background and aims

Impulsivity is regarded as a risk factor for sexual crime reoffending, and a suggested core feature in Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder. The aim of this study was to explore clinical (e.g. neurodevelopmental disorders), behavioral and neurocognitive dimensions of impulsivity in disorders of problematic sexuality, and the possible correlation between sexual compulsivity and impulsivity.

Methods

Men with Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder (n = 20), and Pedophilic Disorder (n = 55), enrolled in two separate drug trials in a specialized Swedish sexual medicine outpatient clinic, as well as healthy male controls (n = 57) were assessed with the Hypersexual Behavior Inventory (HBI) for sexual compulsivity, and with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) and Connors’ Continuous Performance Test-II (CPT-II) for impulsivity. Psychiatric comorbidity information was extracted from interviews and patient case files.

Results

Approximately a quarter of the clinical groups had Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Autism Spectrum Disorder. Both clinical groups reported more compulsive sexuality (r = 0.73−0.75) and attentional impulsivity (r = 0.36−0.38) than controls (P < 0.05). Based on results on univariate correlation analysis, BIS attentional score, ADHD, and Commissions T-score from CPT-II were entered in a multiple linear regression model, which accounted for 15% of the variance in HBI score (P < 0.0001). BIS attentional score was the only independent positive predictor of HBI (P = 0.001).

Discussion

Self-rated attentional impulsivity is an important associated factor of compulsive sexuality, even after controlling for ADHD. Psychiatric comorbidity and compulsive sexuality are common in Pedophilic Disorder.

Conclusion

Neurodevelopmental disorders and attentional impulsivity – including suitable interventions – should be further investigated in both disorders.

Open access
Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Josephine Savard, Tatja Hirvikoski, Katarina Görts Öberg, Cecilia Dhejne, Christoffer Rahm, and Jussi Jokinen

Abstract

Background and aims

Impulsivity is regarded as a risk factor for sexual crime reoffending, and a suggested core feature in Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder. The aim of this study was to explore clinical (e.g. neurodevelopmental disorders), behavioral and neurocognitive dimensions of impulsivity in disorders of problematic sexuality, and the possible correlation between sexual compulsivity and impulsivity.

Methods

Men with Compulsive Sexual Behavior Disorder (n = 20), and Pedophilic Disorder (n = 55), enrolled in two separate drug trials in a specialized Swedish sexual medicine outpatient clinic, as well as healthy male controls (n = 57) were assessed with the Hypersexual Behavior Inventory (HBI) for sexual compulsivity, and with the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) and Connors’ Continuous Performance Test-II (CPT-II) for impulsivity. Psychiatric comorbidity information was extracted from interviews and patient case files.

Results

Approximately a quarter of the clinical groups had Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or Autism Spectrum Disorder. Both clinical groups reported more compulsive sexuality (r = 0.73−0.75) and attentional impulsivity (r = 0.36−0.38) than controls (P < 0.05). Based on results on univariate correlation analysis, BIS attentional score, ADHD, and Commissions T-score from CPT-II were entered in a multiple linear regression model, which accounted for 15% of the variance in HBI score (P < 0.0001). BIS attentional score was the only independent positive predictor of HBI (P = 0.001).

Discussion

Self-rated attentional impulsivity is an important associated factor of compulsive sexuality, even after controlling for ADHD. Psychiatric comorbidity and compulsive sexuality are common in Pedophilic Disorder.

Conclusion

Neurodevelopmental disorders and attentional impulsivity – including suitable interventions – should be further investigated in both disorders.

Open access

Az álom- és éber világunk közötti kapcsok megtalálása számos kutatót inspirált már. Jelen cikkben egy olyan saját kutatásunkat ismertetjük, melynek célja az álmodás kontinuitás-elméletének empirikus vizsgálata és a teória pontosítása. A kontinuitás-elmélet szerint az álmok hű tükrei életünknek, személyiségünknek, gondolatainknak és a minket körülvevő környezetnek. A teória azonban meglehetősen általános szinten mozog, nem ad pontos predikciókat az éber és az álomvilág tartalmai között várható konkrét összefüggésekre vonatkozóan. Saját kutatásunk ezen hipotetikus kapcsolatok egy szeletének alapos feltérképezését tűzte ki célul: az életminőség és az álomtartalmak közti viszony megismerésére irányult. A vizsgálat során közép- és időskorú nők kéthetes álomnaplóinak tartalomelemzéséből nyert mutatókat vetettünk össze életminőségük számos dimenziójával. Ez utóbbi mérésére a WHOQOL-100 kérdőívet használtuk. Az álmok elemzése céljából a Hall és Van de Castle által speciálisan az álmokra kidolgozott tartalomelemző módszert alkalmaztuk. A korrelációs összefüggések feltárásán túl megvizsgáltuk azt is, hogy mely álomtartalmak képesek bejósolni az életminőség egyes tárgyköreit, valamint összehasonlításra kerültek az önmagukat betegnek valló nők álmai azokéval, akik egészségesként definiálták magukat. Az elemzésekből származó eredmények összecsengenek: az álombeli agresszív, barátságos, illetve szexuális interakciók mennyisége és egymáshoz viszonyított aránya az éber életminőség érzékeny tükrének bizonyult. Továbbá az álmokban megjelenő kommunikációs eszközök száma és az ezekhez kapcsolódó cselekedetek mennyisége szintén az életminőség aktuális szintjének konzisztens álombeli jelzőjeként lépett fel. Eredményeink fő vonala támogatja az álmodás kontinuitás-elméletét, azonban az álombeli „pech” tartalma éppen ennek ellentmondó összefüggéseket mutat: ez a párkapcsolatban élők körében, valamint a magukat egészségesnek vallók körében bizonyult gyakoribbnak. A szerzők eredményeik értelmezése kapcsán saját feltételezéseiket is ismertetik.

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P Cohen S West L Aiken 2003 Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis for

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A serdülőkori pszichológiai jóllét multidimenzionális mérőeszköze: Az EPOCH kérdőív magyar változatának (EPOCH-H) pszichometriai jellemzői

A multidimensional measure of adolescent psychological well-being: Psychometric properties of the Hungarian version of the EPOCH scale (EPOCH-H)

Mentálhigiéné és Pszichoszomatika
Author: Láng András

. Personality and Individual Differences , 37 ( 7 ), 1359 – 1369 . Cohen , J. , Cohen , P. , West , S.G. , & Aiken , L.S. ( 2003 ). Applied multiple regression/correlation analysis

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