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., Hou, W. C. & Huang, C. L. (2004): Antioxidant effects of chromium supplementation with type 2 diabetes mellitus and euglycemic subjects. J. agric. Fd Chem. , 52 , 1385-1389. Antioxidant effects of chromium supplementation

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factors for mutagenesis, carcinogenesis, and diabetes mellitus ( Negre-Salvayre et al., 2009 ). The amino groups of DNA bases can react non-enzymatically with reducing sugars, and studies have shown that in vivo deoxyguanosine is the most reactive

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Abstract

In the study, suitability of porridge, bun, and salad prepared from processed pearl millet FBC16 and sorghum PSC4 had been evaluated organoleptically by a panel of semi-trained judges and 25 non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus subjects. Organoleptically, germinated pearl millet was found to be more suitable for porridge (50%) and salad (100%), while puffed sorghum was best suitable for bun (15%) preparation. Prepared porridge had significantly (P ≤ 0.05) higher protein (16.9%) and total phenols (178.8 mg GAE/100 g) contents and antioxidant capacity (1,036 mg TE/100 g) than control. The dietary fibre and in vitro starch digestibility of composite porridge and bun increased significantly (P ≤ 0.05). Most acceptable composition of porridge, bun, and salad had low glycaemic index (17.64–26.79) and medium to low glycaemic load (8.82–13.40). Suitability of pearl millet and sorghum using appropriate processing techniques (germination and puffing) is recommended for preparation of indigenous food products especially for diabetics.

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The medical nutritional therapy has high importance in the management of diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to collect information on how the diabetic elderly follow medical advices regarding nutrition. A population of 291 persons were selected consecutively from primary care patients in Hungary. Ninety-five type 2 diabetes patients were compared to 196 non-diabetics, focusing on nutritional habits, life style elements and anthropological parameters.  The diabetics were mainly overweight or obese and educated at lower levels. People with higher BMI (Body Mass Index) have eaten less frequently than people in the normal BMI range. The daily food frequency of diabetics was higher only on weekends and holidays. There were only minimal differences concerning food choices as well. The differences in the diet proved smaller than expected and recommended. The time spent with physical activity was low in general, especially among diabetics. The self-judgement showed that only 49% of diabetics kept their eating habit as healthy, vs. 63% of non-diabetics. The food choices were also modified by the economic situations of patients. It was observed that the majority of elderly diabetics did not pay enough attention to correct diabetic diet, therefore, they should be controlled more effectively by primary care staff.

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Giugliano, D., Ceriello, A. & Paolisso, G. (1995): Diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease: which role for oxidative stress. Metab. clin. Exp. , 44 , 363

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T. , Greenberg J. Increased breath biomarkers of oxidative stress in diabetes mellitus , Clinica. Chimica. Acta , Vol. 344 , No. 1-2 , 2004 , pp. 189 – 194 . [14

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Ismail , K. ( 2016 ). Diabetes mellitus and oxidative stress - a concise review . Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal , 24 ( 5 ): 547 – 553 . 10.1016/j.jsps.2015

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anti-inflammatory cytokine gene IL4 polymorphism with the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in Korean populations . Genomics & Informatics , 9 ( 3 ): 114 – 120 . Guo , M. , Liu , Y. , Gao , Z.Y. , and Shi , D.Z. ( 2014 ). Chinese herbal

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, A. , Kumbhar , N. , Shaikh , M.L. , Ramanamurthy , B. , Shinde , V.S. , Dhavale , D.D. , and Chopade , B.A. ( 2014 ). Diosgenin from Dioscorea bulbifera : novel hit for treatment of type II diabetes mellitus with inhibitory activity

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1 Introduction Cardiovascular disease and its comorbidities change the mechanism of human metabolism and cause further progression of the disease. Chronic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes mellitus, result in metabolic changes, affecting body

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