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– specifically, how they solve the economic optimization problems they face; (3) a distributive ethic , that prescribes the conception of economic fairness, or distributive justice with respect to the economic allocation 1

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distributive concerns, sounds too good to be true as an algorithm for problem solving in the entire domain of economics. While it is indeed too unworldly to be true, analogous sharp demarcations of the political (allegedly concerned only with distributive

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Acta Oeconomica
Authors:
Jonathan F. Cogliano
,
Roberto Veneziani
, and
Naoki Yoshihara

exploitation of workers and therefore shows the illegitimacy of capitalist income, and the source of significant inequalities of well-being. Or it may be taken as providing the foundations of a distributive approach based on contribution and effort. In Section

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different fiscal policy outcomes. They found that direct taxes and expenditures with redistributive characteristics can reduce net income inequality, suggesting that reducing non-distributive expenditures may enhance economic growth. Rose – Viju (2014

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distribution of income would not happen unless governments address it effectively and apply appropriate policies to narrow the gaps between poor and wealthy households. References Alesina , A. – Rodrik , D. ( 1994 ): Distributive Politics and Economic

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create a new situation. The perspective membership of Ukraine is bound to dramatically increase EU internal contrasts and tensions ( Askew 2023 ). The lack of a common government also with a distributive power is a problem that cannot be eluded, nor can

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Issues related to international competitiveness with regard to social protection, labour markets and effective government are not too many. Hence, this paper pleads for a new vision, one that puts social policy issues' influence, distributive justice and equality firmly back at the centre of the debate about the type of international competitiveness that should be pursued in post-transformation societies, such as Hungary. The study explores the effects of labour-market policies, introduces the term “disembedded social policy” and explores later the possibility of re-embedding this policy. State attention must be focused on reasonable ratios of income equality, similar levels of welfare. The state budget will have to concentrate the neccessary resources for these purposes which limits assets meant for enhancement of competitiveness. Efficient and well-functioning competitiveness policy requests an efficient state administration, as well. The study explores the issue of decentralization and state administration, the role of the state in delegating certain powers to lower levels of administration. Impoverished and weakened governments find it increasingly difficult to pursue the kind of effective micro-economic policies (industrial support and regional development strategies) that are essential features of all successful competitive policies and development experiences. The final part of the study deals with the connection between local governments, competitiveness and democracy.

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European Economic Review 1996 40 1203 1228 Alesina, A. — Rodrik, D. (1994): Distributive

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): Distributive Justice. In: Goodin, R. E. - Pettit, Ph. (eds): A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell. Distributive Justice

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1992 Weingast B. — Shepsle, K. — Johnsen, C. (1981): The Political Economy of Benefits and Costs: A Neoclassical Approach to Distributive Politics

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