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on the high-energy performance of a passive house . Sustainability , 7 ( 12 ), 16687 – 16702 . [4] Carbonaro C. , Cascone Y. , Fantucci S

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country, through a Diagnostic of Energy Performance (DEP) of the building, estimating the energy demand related to the thermal comfort, day-lighting and air quality, which mainly depends on the façade component design. 2 Diagnosis of energy performance

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Building life cycle assessment is getting more and more attention within the topic of environmental impact caused by the built environment. Although more and more research focus on the embodied impact of buildings, the investigation of the operational energy use still needs attention. The majority of the building stock still does not comply with the nearly zero energy requirements. Also, in case of retrofitting, when most of the embodied impact is already spent on the existing structures (and so immutable), the importance of the operational energy rises. There are several methods to calculate the energy performance of buildings covering the range from simplified seasonal methods to detailed hourly energy simulations. Not only the accuracy of the calculations, but the computational time can be significantly different within the methods. The latter is especially important in case of optimization, when there is limited time to perform one calculation. Our research shows that the use of different calculation techniques can lead to different optima for environmental impacts in case of retrofitting. In this paper we compare these calculation methods with focus on computational time, accuracy and applicability to environmental optimization of buildings. We present the results in a case study of the retrofitting of a middle-sized apartment house in Hungary.

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1 Introduction In general, the evaluation of energy performance in buildings is a challenging task because it depends on a large and diverse number of interrelated factors [ 1 ]. Thermal performance

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The energy consumption of residential buildings represents the majority part of energy usage in Egypt. The aim of this study is to assess the energy performance of a dwelling in New Minia City, Egypt through different orientations. The energy consumption of the case study building is 52560 kWh annually. However, this energy demand could be reduced by 5.8% if the building is oriented to the north direction. The difference of the energy consumption between the best and the worst building orientations, North and South, respectively, reached up to 7.5%. The location of the actual building has a noticeable effect on the energy consumption.

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Pollack Periodica
Authors: Chu Xiaohui, Ganjali Bonjar Mohammad Reza, Gantumur Tsovoodavaa, Rowell Ray Lim Shih, and Balint Baranyai

Along with its rapid growth in economy, the protection of heritage buildings has recently gained importance and awareness in China. This paper investigates the energy performance of a heritage building (Wang’s House) in Shanghai, as well as the thermal comfort of the users, using dynamic thermal simulations. The analysis showed that heating accounts as the highest energy demand, followed by cooling and lighting. The resulting study will help the authors to identify various sustainable strategies to improve users comfort as well as reduce the energy demand of heritage buildings in China.

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1 Introduction The energy performance of buildings has been one of the major issues that should be tackled to face climate change. In the European Union (EU), buildings are responsible for 40% of energy consumption [ 1 ]; whereas residential

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References [1]. Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast). [2

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. T Garry 2008 Turning buildings green: Instruments for improving the energy performance of existing buildings New Zealand Journal of Environmental Law

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the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings. Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings

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