The paper presents research results on dehydration properties and thermal behaviour of zeolites synthesized from fly ash,
applying TG (thermogravimetry), DTG (derivative thermogravimetry) and SDTA (simultaneous differential thermal analysis) methods.
In result of the analysis conducted water contents in zeolite samples were defined. On the basis of the data obtained from
the thermogravimetric analysis, thermal behaviour of zeolites was assessed.
This paper analyzes the effect of fly ash chemical character on early Portland cement hydration and the possible adverse effects
generated by the addition of gypsum. Behaviour was analyzed for pure Portland cements with varying mineralogical compositions
and two types of fly ash, likewise differing in chemical composition, which were previously characterized under sulphate attack
as: silicic-ferric-aluminic or aluminic-silicic ash in chemical character, irrespective if they are in nature, siliceous or
siliceous and aluminous materials according to the ASTM C 618-94a.
The experimental results showed that water demand for paste with a normal consistency increased with the replacement ratio
in fly ash with a more aluminic than silicic chemical character, whereas it declined when silicic-ferric-aluminic ash was
used. On the other hand, the differences between the total heat of hydration released at the first valley and the second peak
also clearly differentiated the two types of ash. While the relative differences increased in the more aluminic than silicic
ash, they declined in the more silicic than aluminic. In another vein, the findings indicate that within a comparable Blaine
fineness range, the reactive alumina (Al2O3r−) content in pozzolanic additions has a greater effect on mortar strength than the reactive silica (SiO2r−) content, at least in early ages up to 28 days. Finally, the adverse effect generated in the presence of excess gypsum is
due primarily to the chemical interaction between the gypsum and the C3A in the Portland cement and the reactive alumina (Al2O3r−) in the fly ash.
Fly ash is the ash precipitated from the exhaust fumes of coal-fired power stations. It consists mainly of active silica and
alumina, with large amounts of glass. The aim of this work was to study the pozzolanic activity of fly ash with lime by means
of DTA as a function of the lime content and the curing time. The curves revealed that the rate of hydration, as indicated
by the residual lime and hydrated compounds, increases with increasing lime content and curing time. It is concluded that
fly ash can be used as a blending material in pozzolanic cement.
Improved thermoanalytical methods have been developed that are capable of quantitative identification of various components
of fly ash from a laboratory-scale fluidized bed combustion system. The thermogravimetric procedure developed can determine
quantities of H2O, Ca(OH)2, CaCO3, CaSO4 and carbonaceous matter in fly ash with accuracy comparable to more time-consuming ASTM methods. This procedure is a modification
of the Mikhail-Turcotte methods that can accurately analyze bed ash, with higher accuracy regarding the greater amount of
carbonaceous matter in fly ash. In addition, in conjunction with FTIR and SEM/EDS analyses, the reduction mechanism of CaSO4 as CaSO4+4H2 ↔ CaS + 4H2O has been confirmed in this study. This mechanism is important in analyzing and evaluating sulfur capture in fluidized-bed
This paper presents the results of investigation of properties of fly ash from four major thermal power plants in Serbia.
Chemical, mineralogical and thermal characterization of fly ash has been performed in order to determine the possibility of
its use as the raw material for the construction material industry, primarily the cement industry. Thermal properties of the
raw mixtures for Portland cement clinker production based on fly ash were also investigated. The conclusion was reached that
the use of fly ash as a component of the raw mixture components for the production of cement clinker not only enables substitution
of natural raw materials, but could also have a positive influence on reduction of the sintering temperature of Portland cement
Over 50% of the 3.3 billion tonnes of coal, annually produced in China, are used for power generation, which results in the generation of over 0.4 billion tonnes of flyash [ 1 ]. Only about 30% of produced flyash
The paper describes an attempt of chemical activation of fly ash and claims the usefulness of combination of such investigation
methods as calorimetry and infrared absorption for investigations of early periods of cement hydration. The research samples
were cement pastes made with an addition of fly ash and admixtures of chemical activators, CaCl2, Na2SO4 and NaOH, whereas a cement paste without fly ash addition and a cement-fly ash paste (both without admixtures) were used
as reference samples. In order to investigate early periods of cement pastes hydration, the amount and rate of heat release
were registered, and IR spectrums were checked at appointed hydration moments.
As a result, it was shown that the combination of calorimetric and IR absorption methods in the investigations of early periods
of cement hydration was useful. It was confirmed that the use of chemical activators CaCl2, Na2SO4 and NaOH accelerated the hydration of cement pastes containing fly ash additive in early hours after adding water. The action
of activators on hydrating cement system is different for each of investigated compounds.
The calorimetric data of binders containing
pure Portland cement, 20% fly ash, 20% slag and 10% silica fume respectively
are determined at different initial casting temperatures using an adiabatic
calorimeter to measure the adiabatic temperature rising of concrete. The calorimetric
data of binders with different dosages of fly ash at two water binder ratios
are determined, too. Elevation of initial casting temperature decreases the
heat evolution of binder, enhances the heat evolution rate of binder and increases
the heat evolution rate of binder at early age. The dosage of fly ash in concrete
has different effects on the heat evolution of binder with different w/b. At high w/b ratio the
heat evolution of binder decreases when dosage of fly ash increases. At low w/b ratio the
heat evolution of binders increases when dosage of fly ash increases from
0 to 40% of total binder quantity. The heat evolution of binder decreases
after the dosage of fly ash over 40%. An appropriate dosage of fly ash in
binder benefits the performance of concrete at low w/b ratio.
, generated worldwide from thermal coal-fired powers [ 1 ]. The current annual production of the coal ash worldwide is estimated around 600 million tones with flyash about 500 million tones [ 2 ]. Although effective measures have been taken in utilizing fly
Flyash, a by-product from coal power plants, has been recognized as an important construction material due to its environmental benefits and engineering benefits (produce less heat of hydration, increase