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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Katarzyna Paździor-Czapula
,
Joanna Fiedorowicz
, and
Iwona Otrocka-Domagała

for histopathology were immediately fixed in 10% buffered formalin, processed routinely, cut and stained with Mayer's haematoxylin and eosin (HE), Mallory trichrome (Bio-Optica, Milan, Italy), Perl's Prussian blue. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining

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website. Phylogenetic analysis was performed with the MEGA v6.0 program. For this purpose, the neighbor joining method was used. Bootstrap values were calculated using 1,000 iterations ( Tamura et al., 2013 ). Histopathology and immunohistochemistry

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routine prognostic evaluation approach for pathology laboratories in developing contexts, especially the ones that routinely perform histopathology and can conduct routine immunohistochemistry (IHC) for CCMCTs. Through working on 54 CCMCT cases, the

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Twenty pullets and adult chickens, aged 100 to 403 days, from several commercial chicken farms were examined by gross and histopathology. Grossly, all chickens had white-greyish masses in the visceral organs with or without enlargement of the peripheral nerves. Histopathological examination revealed Marek’s disease (MD) lymphoma, lymphoid leukosis (LL) and myeloid leukosis (ML) in 14/20, 5/20 and 1/20 of the chickens, respectively. Lesions of the sciatic nerves in chickens diagnosed as having MD lymphoma were various. No neoplastic and/or inflammatory cells were noted in the peripheral nerves of chickens diagnosed as having LL and ML. These results indicated that MD lymphoma could also develop in older chickens; thus, microscopic examination is needed to identify MD in older chickens showing lymphocyte-derived tumours.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Elena Palade
,
Nóra Biró
,
Mihály Dobos-Kovács
,
Zoltán Demeter
,
Míra Mándoki
, and
Miklós Rusvai

From a total of 1819 great tits ( Parus major ) ringed in 2007 in Pilis Mountains, Hungary, 15 birds presented nodular proliferative lesions on different areas of the head and eyelids, suggesting a poxvirus infection. Three birds were submitted for analysis. The presence of avipoxvirus infection was confirmed by histopathology, electron microscopy (EM) and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based technique. Nucleotide sequence analysis of a 428 base pairs (bp) fragment of the viral 4b core protein gene revealed 100% identity between two of the Hungarian isolates (PM9 HUN, PM33 HUN) and two great tit poxvirus strains isolated in Norway in 1973 (GTV A256, GTV A311). The third Hungarian isolate (PM34 HUN) was more closely related to a different Norwegian isolate (GTVA310) than to the Hungarian isolates. The nucleotide sequence analysis of a shorter fragment of the viral 4b core protein (227 bp) gene revealed 100% identity between the Hungarian isolates, the same Norwegian isolates and a great tit poxvirus strain detected in Austria in 2007.

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Otosclerosis. 2. rész. Diagnózis

Otosclerosis. 2nd part. Diagnosis

Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Balázs Liktor
,
Andor Hirschberg
,
Bálint ifj Liktor
, and
Tamás Karosi

Karosi T, Csomor P, Petkó M, et al. Histopathology of nonotosclerotic stapes fixations. Otol Neurotol. 2009; 30: 1058–1066.

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One of the most serious problems in the chinchilla industry is 'fur-chewing', when the chinchilla bites off areas of its own or some other animal's fur. The condition generally develops in both genders at the age of 6-8 months. In chinchilla farms in Croatia an incidence of 15-20% has been observed. A pathomorphological, microbiological and parasitological investigation was conducted on eleven 6- to 11-month-old chinchillas of both sexes with clinical symptoms of 'fur-chewing' and three chinchillas without such signs. Histopathology of the adrenal glands and of the chewed skin revealed changes typical of Cushing's syndrome in 'fur-chewed' chinchillas, such as hyperkeratinisation of the epidermis, epidermal atrophy, pronounced follicular and sebaceous gland atrophy, hyperkeratinisation of the follicles with comedo formations and the presence of calcium salts in subcutis.

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors:
Bernadett Fakan
,
Eszter Baranyi
,
Réka Horváth
,
Endre Kálmán
,
Janina Kulka
,
Katalin Tölgyesi
,
Miklós Török
,
Nóra Udvarhelyi
,
Tamás Zombori
, and
Gábor Cserni

Absztrakt:

Bevezetés: Szervmegtartó műtéttel eltávolított emlőrákoknál fontos a sebészi szélek állapotának vizsgálata, dokumentálása. Ha az eltávolítás nem az épben történik, általában kiegészítő kezelés (ismételt sebészet, tumorágy-besugárzás) javasolt. Célkitűzés: Szervmegtartó műtéttel eltávolított női emlőrákok patológiai leleteinek sebészi szélekre vonatkozó információtartalmának elemzése, a nem ép szélek gyakoriságának felmérése és nem ép szélek esetén a további kezelések gyakoriságának becslése. Módszer: Nyolc magyar patológiai részlegből származó, mellrák miatt végzett szervmegtartó műtéthez tartozó patológiai leletek elemzése, nem ép szél esetén további lokális kezelésre vonatkozó adatok gyűjtésével. Eredmények: Kizárások után 386 leletet elemeztünk. Az ép szél korábbi definíciója (<5 mm) alapján 200, az újabb értelmezés (0 mm) alapján 32 lelet dokumentált nem ép széleket. Lobularis carcinoma esetén gyakoribb volt a szélek pozitivitása, mint nem lobularis rákok esetén. Az épben eltávolított tumorok műtéti anyaga nagyobb tömegű volt. Reoperáció 43/180, illetve 12/22 esetben történt a régi és az új definíció szerinti nem ép szélek esetén. A nem reoperált betegek közül csak 75/137 kapott biztosan külön tumorágy-besugárzást; sok esetben a ’boost’ kezelésről nem állt rendelkezésre információ. Reziduális tumor a reoperált betegek közül csak 15/43-nál igazolódott, 9-nél közülük úgy, hogy a festett szélben a primer műtéti anyagban nem írtak le daganatot. Következtetések: A patológiai leletek sebészi szélre vonatkozó információtartalma nem teljes körű. Az új biztonságos szél definíciója csökkentette a nem ép szél előfordulási gyakoriságát, de alkalmazásakor ép szélek mellett is maradhat reziduális daganat az emlőben, amint azt a reoperációs minták igazolják. Nem épben történő tumoreltávolításkor az esetek egy részében nem történik sem további sebészi kezelés, sem külön tumorágy-besugárzás. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(26): 1036–1044.

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Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
Authors:
Branislav Kureljušić
,
Božidar Savić
,
Vesna Milićević
,
Nemanja Jezdimirović
,
Oliver Radanović
,
Jadranka Žutić
, and
Christiane Weissenbacher-Lang

Abstract

At a commercial farrow-to-feeder pig system with 2,100 sows in Serbia, lesions resembling porcine ear necrosis syndrome were observed in 80% of the weaned pigs at 45–50 days of age. Pathomorphological examinations were carried out on 10 pigs that had been found dead. The gross lesions ranged from mild, superficial dermatitis to severe, deep inflammation with exudation, ulceration and necrosis. Histopathological examination revealed erosive and ulcerative dermatitis of the pinna with neutrophilic and lymphocytic infiltration and bacterial colonies in the crusts. Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA strain), Staphylococcus hyicus and Streptococcus group C were cultivated from eight, S. hyicus from two ear tissue scraping samples. All 10 samples were positive for treponemes and phylogenetic analysis of two polymerase chain reaction products confirmed the relationship to Treponema (T.) medium/vincentii and Treponema pedis. Treponemes were also detected in seven oral swabs that were analysed to obtain evidence of the transmission of this bacterium by ear biting. The contribution of non-infectious factors to this misbehaviour could not be ruled out as the crude protein concentration of the feed was inappropriate and the climate of the pig house was suboptimal. The concentrations of selected mycotoxins in the feed were not elevated. However, the contribution of both infectious and non-infectious factors to the onset of disease was most probable.

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Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) causes chronic non-fatal diseases in the poultry industry with a remarkable decrease in feed consumption, egg production and other production indices. To study the genetic characteristics of MG isolates in commercial and backyard poultry flocks, 21 positive samples from different regions of Iran were analysed in the period 2012–2017. Typical macroscopic and histopathological lesions of the upper respiratory tract and lungs were found, similar to those reported by other researchers. A 298–361 bp part of the mgc2 gene was sequenced and analysed. Based on the phylogenetic analysis, the Iranian MG isolates fell into four distinct subgroups. The nucleotide difference between subgroups 1 and 4 was remarkable (91.6–94.9%). A 22-amino-acid insertion was present in two of the studied MG isolates, not observed in other vaccine and standard MG strains. The Iranian Veterinary Organisation (IVO) should consider the observed diversity of prevalent MG isolates from both commercial and backyard flocks in designing the strategy for controlling MG. More studies are needed to understand modifications in MG antigenicity and pathogenicity because of the observed genetic variations.

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