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Abstract  

Although the statistics on science and engineering personnel inScience Indicators — 1976 can be used to trace changes in the supply and utilization of these personnel, very little is presented that would allow readers to discern the emergence of strengths or weaknesses in this area. The author suggests that the inclusion of a variety of indicators relating to age, quality and mobility of scientific personnel would be a useful addition to the chapter. Additional indicators of labor market change, such as salaries, would also be helpful for policy purposes.

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accelerated. Why is prevailing big illiquidity in Korea among and within innovation poles? How will it become/develop in the future? And how those phenomena can extort “skill markets” (instead of labour markets)? There is still strong East Asian

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and the 1973 economic recession weighed on the U.S. federal budget. During the late 1960s and early 1970s, the academic labor market became saturated in most fields, and there was a concern about an overproduction of Ph.D.s (Thurgood et al. 2006

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175 researchers hadn′t specified the gender International literature points out that woman still struggle for equal conditions in relation to man to get a position in labour market in most social activities

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and the early seventies, followed by stagnation during the late seventies and early eighties. Several reasons have been proposed for this decline; a saturated academic labour market, less spending on research due to the Vietnam war and the oil crisis

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and ethno-class based social networks which dominate the local labor market. These factors limit the acceptance of high skilled return migrants on the labor market, and reduce their possibilities to explore and exploit economic opportunities (Mullings

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, this is one of the reasons to focus our analysis in tertiary education, more specifically in tertiary-type A Programs, which represents along with an effective reform of the labor market a powerful tool that may help to leave behind the current

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European Research Area” (SEC(2004)412). Brussels : CEC . CEC. ( 2008 ). Realising a single labour market for researchers. Report of the ERA expert group . EUR23321EN

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