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Abstract  

The molar heat capacities of the pure samples of acetone and methanol, and the azeotropic mixture composed of acetone and methanol were measured with an adiabatic calorimeter in the temperature range 78–320 K. The solid–solid and solid–liquid phase transitions of the pure samples and the mixture were determined based on the curve of the heat capacity with respect to temperature. The phase transitions took place at 126.160.68 and 178.961.47 K for the sample of acetone, 157.790.95 and 175.930.95 K for methanol, which were corresponding to the solid–solid and the solid–liquid phase transitions of the acetone and the methanol, respectively. And the phase transitions occurred at 126.580.24, 157.160.42, 175.500.46 and 179.740.89 K corresponding to the solid–solid and the solid–liquid phase transitions of the acetone and the methanol in the mixture, respectively. The thermodynamic functions and the excess thermodynamic functions of the mixture relative to standard temperature 298.15 K were derived based on the relationships of the thermodynamic functions and the function of the measured heat capacity with respect to temperature.

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Abstract  

Excess molar enthalpies of binary mixtures for tributyl phosphate (TBP)+methanol/ethanol were measured with a TAM air Isothermal calorimeter at 298.15 K and ambient. The results for xTBP+(1–x)CH3OH are negative in the whole range of composition, while the values for xTBP+(1–x)C2H5OH change from positive values at low x to small negative values at high x. The experimental results have been correlated with the Redlich–Kister polynomial. IR spectra of the mixtures were measured to investigate the effect of hydrogen bonding in the mixture.

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Abstract  

The influence of microporous carbon oxidation on thermodynamic properties of methanol and ethanol adsorbed at 308, 328, and 348 K was investigated. Adsorption mechanisms are suggested and the obtained results are compared with the presented previously for adsorption of methane and carbon tetrachloride on nonoxidised and oxidised microporous carbons.

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Abstract  

Using temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), we have investigated the desorption behavior after subsequent co-adsorption of methanol and water and after adsorption of their mixtures on a NaZSM-5 zeolite. The course of desorption indicates that a strong mutual displacement of both components occurs. However, on the strongest adsorption sites methanol is preferentially adsorbed, and already the addition of small amounts of methanol leads to a displacement of water. Our results support the idea of a subdivision of the pore space for adsorption of water/methanol mixtures. Above all, the experiments show that in the part of the pore space where both components are adsorbed, different sites are of importance which vary significantly in their interaction strength.

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Introduction Methanol synthesis from carbon monoxide and hydrogen is one of the most important processes in chemical industry. The conversion of the reactants in a conventional tubular fixed-bed reactor is limited by the

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Abstract  

Excess enthalpies of six binary mixtures of CH3 OD+CH3 OH, CH3 OD+CD3 OD, CD3 OD+CH3 OH, C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OH, C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OD, C2 H5 OD+C2 H5 OH have been determined over the whole range of mole fractions at 298.15 K in order to know the isotopic effect on hydrogen-bonding accurately, although there are many reports on the differences in the strength of hydrogen-bonding between OH and OD. All excess enthalpies measured are very small and endothermic. The mixtures of CH3 OD+ CH3 OH, and C2 D5 OD+C2 H5 OH showed the largest excess enthalpies among each methanol and ethanol mixtures. The difference of intermolecular interaction between OH and OD in methanol and ethanol was almost same value of (1.820.04) J mol-1 Excess enthalpies of 1,4-dimethylbenzene+1,3-dimethylbenzene and 1,4-dimethylbenzene+1,2-methylbenzene were measured by three different principle calorimeters at 298.15 K in order to know the precision of calorimetry for a small enthalpy change.

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differentiation of interactions seems to be played in the first system by hydrophobic hydration and in the second one by selective solvation. The further studies carried out in our laboratory have been devoted to interactions in methanol solutions [ 10

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Introduction Catalytic generation of hydrogen by the steam reforming of methanol is an attractive option for use in the decentralized production of clean electrical energy from fuel cells [ 1 ]. The main reactions that

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Introduction The methanol-to-hydrocarbons reaction was first discovered in the laboratory of Mobil Company using a ZSM-5 catalyst [ 1 ]. Higher temperature and lower pressure were proved to have positive effects on the olefin

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between methanol and water adsorbed on V 2 O 5 and concluded that methanol adsorption is strong and is associated with the presence of water molecules adsorbed on V 2 O 5 . Cryptomelane, todorokite, and birnessite-type manganese oxides have been

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