Authors:Dávid Nagy, Tamás Mihálydeák, and László Aszalós
similar, and the objects from different groups are dissimilar. This defines an equivalence relation. The similarity is usually based on the distance of the objects. However, sometimes only categorical data are given where distance is meaningless. For
Authors:Thomas Gurney, Edwin Horlings, and Peter van den Besselaar
)—where variance in names is substantially lower—reinforce the need for an automated approach to author disambiguation.
There is a need for algorithms designed to extract patterns of similarity from different variables, patterns that can set one
Authors:Hyunseok Park, Janghyeok Yoon, and Kwangsoo Kim
industries require more technologies for individual products (Carree et al. 2000 ). Thus, an automated method is necessary to support experts.
In fact, various factors such as patentability, technological similarity, and scope of claims should be
In several scientific areas—like ecology, information retrieval, machine learning, psychology and scientometrics—the measurement of similarity between objects plays a role. In scientometrics, examples of considered
Authors:Qiuju Zhou, Ronald Rousseau, Liying Yang, Ting Yue, and Guoliang Yang
science, technology and society.
The field of ecology has a long tradition of studies related to diversity. Consequently, there exists an extensive literature on measures of diversity within populations/communities and dissimilarity or similarity
reliable. However, the analysis of patents on the basis of combined concepts gives rise to three questions for research:
How can combined concepts be extracted and built from patents? How can textual similarities between patents be assessed on the basis of
Mccrae , R.R., Martin , T.A., Hrebícková , M., Urbánek , T., Boomsama , D.I., Willemsen , G. and Cost , Jr. P.T. (2008): Personality trait similarity between spouses in four cultures. Journal of Personality , 75, 1137
asking researchers to rate the papers they read, and so on. Finally, inter-researcher similarity measures are calculated on these data to identify the scientists sharing most interests with the user of the SLRS.
Although mature and appealing in