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This article presents some results of the photographic analysis project, that we accomplish on the basis of 17,000 photos shot during the anthropological fieldwork between October 2008 and November 2009 among Evenki living in East Buryatia, in the Eastern part of Siberia. The aim of the project is to study the non-verbal patterns of culture. Some activities are significant due to the natural environment and the peripheral position of the Evenki land. Modern and old instruments can be seen together in the taiga, they relate to each other and form pairs. The existence of these pairs show the necessity of the co-presence of modern and old technologies and the importance of the categories — activities — tasks connected with them. An old instrument can remain among the Evenki only if an adaptable new instrument can find its place in the everyday life. Sometimes old practical skills also need to be reinvented for the accomplishment of a particular task. The things which have no modern existing pair, step by step lose their place and extinguish.

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In the paper we present results of multi-analytical study of pottery fragments archaeologically ranked from the Older Linear till the Middle Danube Tumulus Cultures, e.g. originated in the time-span of approximately 4700 years. In the studied set of pottery fragments we didn’t observed substantial differences of the raw materials used and temperatures of firing/annealing comparing studied set through the whole mentioned time-span didn’t surpass 650 °C in any of artefacts studied. The most realistic is to rank temperatures of firing/annealing close to the 600 °C. Oxidizing/reducing conditions during firing/annealing changed. Above statemets are based on the application of the following laboratory methods: stereoscopic observation of natural splitting planes, thin sections studies under polarizing microscope, scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction studies, organic matter determination (its quantity as well as quality) and the archaeopal aeomagnetic study.

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Machine translation and post-editing competence: theory, practice and training. BME Autumn Conference, #Translating Europe Workshop , University of Technology and Economics (BME) , Budapest , 30 September 2022 . Machine translation (MT) has not

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Sputnik versus Apollo

Science, technology and the Cold War in the Hungarian visual arts, 1957–1975

Acta Historiae Artium Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Author:
Sándor Hornyik

In 1957, when the Soviet Union sent into orbit Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite in history, the Cold War stepped into a new phase; the Space Age began. In 1961 came another victory: the first man in space was also communist. In this regard, the Sixties were about the nuclear arms race that meant a scientific and technological competition as well. Then came Apollo 11, the spaceship and the lunar module, which proved unquestionably that the West had won this war. This paper discusses the Hungarian artistic reception of this scientific and technological war. Some artists served well the aims of the Eastern Bloc; others had their own political and aesthetic motivation. Some used the official visual culture; others tried to transform it. Describing the scientifically and technologically oriented visual arts (mainly painting) of the Long Sixties (1957–1973), I will focus mainly on one topic: aviation and military technology. Besides, I intend to deconstruct the apparently plausible narrative that claims that the early heroism (late Fifties) of the Soviet technological and military supremacy turned into a resigned acceptance of defeat in the early Seventies

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requirements under the new regime. In what follows, I will present the use of new technologies in the court affecting court interpreting. To underpin the legal requirement of court interpreting, I shall first discuss the fundamental right to fair trial and the

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Abstract  

Present-day globalization means many different kinds of change. It is, moreover, happening at different rates in different places around the world. All globalization’s forms, however, depend on new tele-technologies like email and the Internet. Among cultural features being transformed is literature. This is so both because literature has a more and more subordinate role, around the world, in relation to film, television, computer games, cellphone messages, blogs, and videos, and also because the rapidity of literature’s translation and diffusion has brought into existence Goethe’s and Marx/Engels’ dream of a “world literature.” New technologies have also transformed the conditions of literary study by making so much literature and so many aids to literary study available online. Nevertheless, as a close look at Wallace Stevens’s “The River of River in Connecticut” shows, literature, in the sense of printed novels, poems, and plays, still remains one of the premier ways to create “virtual realities.” Literature also uses language in subtle and complex ways that are difficult, if not impossible, to match in other media.

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The Hutterites and Habans produced coloured-glazed, mostly blue- and yellow-coloured vessels alongside their white-glazed faience ware. However, the production technology of the coloured-glazed vessels, specifically the nature of the glaze, is a matter of debate among scholars. Both coloured tin glaze and coloured engobe covered with a transparent lead glaze were thought to have been applied on the ceramics.

Around 140 objects of blue-glazed Hutterite and Haban museum objects and archaeological artefacts were analysed using a handheld XRF spectrometer. In addition, small fragments of selected ceramics were studied by electron microprobe analysis (EMPA).

According to the XRF measurements the blue glaze of all except one of the studied Hutterite and Haban ceramics contains tin in variable amounts (from about 0.015 wt% up to 13 wt%). The EMPA technique showed that tin in the form of tin oxide opacifier was deliberately added to the single-layered alkali– lead or lead–alkali glaze. These data confirm that the tin glaze technique was used during production of blue-glazed ceramics, and in this respect they can be regarded as faience. The blue glaze of the Haban vessels produced by a “mining town” workshop contains tin in very low concentrations (Sn <0.2 wt% by XRF), therefore the opacity of the glaze is mainly caused by the abundant silica and arsenate particles.

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Acta Archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae
Authors:
Szabolcs Czifra
,
Attila Kreiter
,
Éva Kovács-Széles
,
Mária Tóth
,
Orsolya Viktorik
, and
Beáta Tugya

This paper deals with the archaeological material of a Scythian Age settlement excavated near Nagytarcsa in 2007. Located on the higher terrace of a stream, the site represents a characteristic lowland, hamlet-like settlement of the Vekerzug culture, where animal husbandry played an important role in subsistence. Based on diagnostic ceramic finds and radiocarbon dating the settlement can be assigned to the Ha D2 period. The archaeological description, as well as the evaluation of settlement features and finds, is supplemented with a detailed petrographic analysis with an emphasis on wheel-thrown and Hallstatt type ceramics. The petrographic and geochemical analysis of the sherds and sediments collected on the site aim to confirm archaeological interpretations in order to determine the provenance of the ceramics and to assess whether their technological characteristics suggest specialization in production.

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to the 1950s – of the Second National Architecture Movement. In the buildings designed by Seyfi Arkan or Sedat Hakkı Eldem, traditional Anatolian vernacular architectural features were combined with contemporary technologies and with reinforced

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disciplines including urban studies, sociology, facility management, life-cycle assessment, economics, environmental psychology, and information technology to support scientific analysis and research into real estate management. This paper is an attempt to

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