Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 1,619 items for :

  • "technology" x
  • Mathematics and Statistics x
  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All

between science and technology, the research on ‘relationship between science and technology’ in technology diffusion has become one of the favourite topics in the field of patentometrics. Among kinds of items in the bibliographic information in

Restricted access
Scientometrics
Authors:
Anthony Nasir
,
Tariq Mahmood Ali
,
Sheikh Shahdin
, and
Tariq Ur Rahman

Introduction The technology achievement of a county refers to the level of its technological readiness to participate in the global knowledge based economy. This can be described through a combination of appropriate indicators

Restricted access

Introduction Since science and technology documents have been managed systematically, nations and companies have been able to analyze this information to guide planning of research and development (R&D). In the 1980s, analysis

Restricted access

Introduction “Selecting technology that has potential foresight for the country among new technological fields” is always a core issue for government while formulating technological strategy (Butler 2003 ; Marinova and Newman

Restricted access

Introduction The role of science and technology in driving productivity and economic growth is given emphasis in the ‘new growth theory’ in which knowledge is central to economic development (OECD 1996 ). Many Asian countries

Restricted access

. Law , J. Rip , A. 1986 Mapping the Dynamics of Science and Technology: Sociology of Science in the Real World Macmillan Basingstoke

Restricted access
Scientometrics
Authors:
Jia Zheng
,
Zhi-yun Zhao
,
Xu Zhang
,
Dar-zen Chen
,
Mu-hsuan Huang
,
Xiao-ping Lei
,
Ze-yu Zhang
,
Yun-hua Zhao
, and
Run-sheng Liu

Introduction With the development of science and technology, global economy has become extremely competitive. A country's competitiveness depends on its overall national strength, and one of the keys is its science and

Restricted access

Abstract  

The paper presents a methodology for studying the interactions between science and technology. Our approach rests mostly on patent citation and co-word analysis. In particular, this study aims to delineate intellectual spaces in thin-film technology in terms of science/technology interaction. The universe of thin-film patents can be viewed as the macro-level and starting point of our analysis. Applying a bottom-up approach, intellectual spaces at the micro-level are defined by tracing prominent concepts in publications, patents, and their citations of scientific literature. In another step, co-word analysis is used to generate meso-level topics and sub-topics. Overlapping structures and specificities that emerge are explored in the light of theoretical understanding of science-technology interactions. In particular, one can distinguish prominent concepts among patent citations that either co-occur in both thin-film publications and patents or reach out to one of the two sides. Future research may address the question to what extent one can interpret directionality into this.

Restricted access

Abstract  

The reseach, technology and development (RTD) evaluation in terms of science and technology policy has come to be important in stimulating research activities and in continuously keeping the vitality and the higher quality of research in RTD institutions. There are two criteria on the RTD evaluation, i.e, in-house evaluation from the stand point of RTD management and independent macroscopic evaluation for the decision making of companies and/or policy making for science and technology policy.The most important point for RTD evaluation in the former criteria is in the mission itself. RTD in universities, public research institutes, and enterprises have different objectives and characteristics. Therefore, the mission and methodology of RTD evaluations should be different, by categorized type and objectives of research institutions, and be developed inhouse. Results of RTD evaluations should be fed back to researchers or engineers and disclosed principally if the mission was to stimulate knowledge creation through RTD activities.The in-house RTD evaluation can be classified in general into three categories: prior evaluation, mid-term review, and ex-post facto review. The methodologies to evaluate RTD in each phase of the RTD process are different, even among those institutes categorized into the same type such as national and regional research institutes. In this paper, two cases of RTD evaluation a) in Riken, which was founded in 1917 as a private research foundation and later reorganized as a semi-public research corporation of the Science and Technology-Agency, b) in regional public research institutes.RTD evaluation from the view point of policy assessment of governmental science and technology policy is discussed through analysis of data obtained by the survey of research activities in regional public research institutes. It can be concluded that developments and introduction of RTD evaluation as a new management system in these institutes is improving the research environment and advancing the quality of research. The differences of RTD evaluation between a Center of Excellence (COE) such as Riken and local technology centers, will be compared and the policy implication of RTD evaluation will also be discussed in terms of promotion of science and technology.

Restricted access

Introduction The relationship between science and technology is highly intertwining and the information flow between them is energetic. It is expected that this reciprocal dependence is interrelated to levels of economic

Restricted access