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domestic tourism destinations became separated and allocated outside of the new borders ( Figure 1 ). Figure 1: The disintegration of Hungary after the Treaty of Trianon, 1920 Original source: Budapest, 1930? M. Kir. Központi Stat. Hiv. térképészet. Ny

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Food represents a significant segment of human culture. It is not only a component of the material world and a means to satisfy basic biological needs, but also plays an important role in the economic and social life of the individual and community. Until the middle of the 20th century, the food culture of the Slovene population strongly depended on regional origin. Pumpkin seed oil has a special dietary role and a long tradition among the inhabitants of North- East Slovenia and the cultivation of oil seed pumpkins and production of pumpkin seed oil in the region was already mentioned in 18th century. Slovene pumpkin seed oil is of high-quality and is processed according to the traditional procedure. Since 2005, Styrian-Prekmurje pumpkin seed oil has been protected in the European Union with the Geographical Indication-PGI.

Nowadays, the pumpkin seed oil is also becoming an important expression of regional affiliation and a notable factor of economic development in Prekmurje, Porabje and Štajerska, especially significant for tourism, catering and the production of traditional rural products.

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The history of the Hungarian-Slovenian border region is to be understood as socio-natural history: two co-evolving entities, society and nature have always been entangled in a web of connections and reciprocal influences. It is particularly true in this border area, where ecological diversity is the result of a century-long cultivation and correlating local lifestyles and economic strategies depend heavily on the ecological and climatic conditions of the region. In view of this interdependence, we aim to provide an in-depth analysis of both human and non-human agents in a region where ethnic, national, and state relations create a thickly interwoven fabric of human network with a background of a fairly uniform and intensively cultivated environment. By doing so, we would like to challenge the idea of Anthropocene as an overarching model and bring local images to the forefront. We argue that instead of Anthropocene, members of the local communities in this border region have entered an era in which they face difficulties acting as independent agents in their environment, since they have to rely on the mediation of state-funded institutions, such as the National/Regional Parks.

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This study is about how Transylvania, the multiethnic region that was once part of the Hungarian Kingdom and later the Habsburg Empire and the Hungarian part of the Dual Monarchy and which since 1920 has been part of Romania, was rediscovered by Hungarians over the past twenty years. More precisely, it examines what the Transylvania that citizens of Hungary discovered and created was like in Hobsbawm’s sense of the invention of traditions. The theoretical focus of my analysis is the symbolic construction of places through discourses and performative acts of identification and occupation. My primary claim is that the restoration of a territorial approach to the nation, a national re-territorialization, is taking place in rediscovered Transylvania, accompanied by a new discourse of national authenticity.

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Orthodox kosher mass culture?

Food industry, hospitality industry, children’s holidays and open-air baths in the weekly paper of orthodox Jewry in Hungary, 1925–1944

Acta Ethnographica Hungarica
Norbert Gleszer

Orthodox Jewry in Hungary received the trends to modernity with reservations. It subjected the phenomena trickling into the urbanising, modernising communities to strong community control. Nevertheless, it adopted many customs of the bourgeois and later the mass society. A special example of this alternative integration is the question of the Orthodox kosher adaptation of mass catering and the cult of the body. This involved keeping pace with new industrial technologies, creating a market for kosher food industry products, community supervision and the provision of food to suit the changed way of life of urban Orthodox Jewry. The cult of the body provides an example of mass culture that was to be incorporated or excluded: while children’s holidays and holidays were a religiously re-interpreted phenomenon, fashion in clothing and mixed-sex open-air bathing were to be sanctioned. Behind this lay the subordination of natural science to religion and the suppression by the community of modernity affecting religious life. Through the example of Orthodox Jewry in Hungary we can observe an alternative strategy for dealing with the emergence of mass society.

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The Hungarian terminology of wellness. The aim of this study is showing examples for interpreting the terms of Hungarian terminology of the wellness domain as it evolved during one decade. The domain of wellness provides an excellent model for the research of terminological problems, because it has developed from more traditional disciplines and professions (medicine, recreation, physiotherapy, etc.), and the necessary terminological harmonization has not been realized. Detailed examples will be shown for the national differences, the consequences of missing interpretation, the possibilities of ordering, and the necessity of harmonization. The results can be used in other fields of linguistics, for example in the study of theoretical and practical questions of translation.

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customs and rituals, traditional handicrafts and trades, folk dance, songs and music, poetry, and a language dialect) in their daily lives and celebrations ( Fig. 3 ). Fig. 3. Matyó wedding as a tourist attraction in Mezőkövesd. Tourism is an effective

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Through the examination of direct epigraphic sources, this paper will trace the South Semitic (Ancient South and North Arabian) and Nabataean inscriptions, whereas other Semitic texts will be studied later in a separate study. The paper studies the historical background of coin usage in the Ancient Near East, mainly in the area of ancient South and North Arabia. In addition to the occurrences of the term, an etymological attempt will also be put forward that explains the origins of the term within the Semitic languages.

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In 1937 and 1938, a group of high-relief and round statues were uncovered during the joint expedition of the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem and the Department of Antiquities in Palestine at the Khirbet et-Tannur Temple, located in Jordan. This expedition was headed by Nelson Glueck (Figs 1, 2). The statues uncovered are important in that they offer considerable information about Nabataean art and religion. This paper concentrates on one of the high-relief statues, called the Atargatis Panel by its excavator, Glueck. It was chosen as a case study for its availability in Amman, Jordan. The other Atargatis statues found at the site are now in the Cincinnati Art Museum in the United States of America. This paper also examines the Nabataean religious beliefs concerning Atargatis and her fertility cult, in addition to the art style of the statue. Furthermore, the digital 3D imaging documentation of the Atargatis statue at The Jordan Museum is presented. Dense image matching algorithms presented a flexible, cost-effective approach for this important work. These images not only provide geometric information but also show the surface textures of the depicted objects. This is especially important for the production of virtual 3D models used as a tool for documentary, educational and promotional purposes.

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