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The potential of the Visegrad Cooperation (V4) for the safe restarting of tourism in the region following the COVID-19 epidemic

A Visegrádi Együttműködésben (V4) rejlő potenciál a régió turizmusának Covid-19 járványt követő biztonságos újraindításában

Scientia et Securitas
Authors:
Gábor Michalkó
,
József Németh
,
Panna Tokodi
,
Tamás Kamal Abboud
, and
Zoltán Birkner

. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Vol. 27. No. June. pp. 60–67. 2 Adeel, A., Catalano, M., Catalano, O., Gibson, G., Muftuoglu, E., Riggs

Open access

1 Introduction With the rapid development of the tourism industry and the diversification of tourist demand, the global tourism model is strongly advocated, and the tourist post plays an increasingly important role in the development of the tourism

Restricted access
International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Authors:
Norbert Novák
,
Péter Miklós Kőmíves
,
Mónika Harangi-Rákos
, and
Károly Pető

fejlesztési tervek tükrében ,” DETUROPE – Cent. Eur. J. Reg. Dev. Tourism , vol. 6 , no. 3 , pp. 97 – 111 , 2014 . [59] M. Harangi-Rákos and G. Szabó , “ The economic and social role of private farm sin Hungarian agriculture ,” Appl. Stud. Agribus

Open access

, development and management of tourism: The case of Dangjia, an ancient village in China , Tourism Management , Vol. 56 , 2016 , pp. 52 ‒ 62 . [3] Yang G

Open access

Mennyit ér a biztonság? Biztonság mint a Magyarországra érkező német szenior turisták költését befolyásoló tényező

How much does security worth? Security, as a component for the tourism spending of German senior travellers

Scientia et Securitas
Author:
Csaba Bíró

References 1 Alén, E., Losada, N. & Domínguez, T. (2015) The Impact of Ageing on The Tourism Industry: An Approach to the Senior Tourist Profile. Social

Open access
International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Authors:
Olena Yakymchuk
,
Dmytro Yakymchuk
,
Nataliia Bilei-Ruban
,
Iryna Nosova
,
Serhiy Horiashchenko
,
Kostyantyn Horiashchenko
,
Tetyana Kisil
, and
Viacheslav Tuz

Abstract

The objective of this research is to develop the equipment for liquid-jet forming of women's headwear hats, which will allow expanding design assortment of these products. The equipment for cyclic liquid-jet forming of headwear hats in liquid-active working environment (LAWE) with forming element rotation was designed. The mechanism of movement and orientation of liquid -jet forming nozzle was developed, which allows influencing fabric parts by flooded and controlled liquid-jet, repeating the contour at a certain distance and with appropriate angle attack on each technological section of the part. The conducted experimental research allowed to receive semi-spherical forms of headwear hats from six fabrics suit-coat assortments, which are one of the most difficult forms of non-seam forming. Completely formed hats of a given complex configuration were obtained by liquid-jet forming, different from standard semi-spherical ones. The developed equipment provides mobility of the production from the point of view of quick equipment adaptation due to action use of flooded controlled liquid-jet and forming of a significant number of various hats contours, various combinations of technological forming modes.

Open access
Acta Alimentaria
Authors:
M. Aloudat
,
A. Papp
,
N. Magyar
,
L. Simon Sarkadi
, and
A. Lugasi

): Ínyencségek a múltból és a jelenből. A BGE-KVIK legjobb receptjei. (Delicacies from the past and the present. Best recipes from Budapest Business School Faculty of Commerce, Hospitality and Tourism), Budapesti Gazdasági Egyetem, Kereskedelmi, Vendéglátóipari

Open access

and satisfy the development of rural tourism at the same time. 2 Design methodology 2.1 Site analysis In the field investigation, Xiazhuang Village

Open access

A koronavírus járvány hatása a villamosenergia-rendszerre mint kritikus infrastruktúrára

Impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the electricity system as critical infrastructure

Scientia et Securitas
Authors:
Attila Aszódi
and
Bence Biró

Összefoglaló. Írásunk a magyar villamosenergia-rendszert vizsgálja a COVID–19 koronavírus-járvány időszakában. Bemutatjuk a járvány magyarországi alakulásának villamosenergia-fogyasztásra gyakorolt hatását. Elemezzük a magyar villamosenergia-fogyasztási adatokat a 2019. és a 2020. év vonatkozásában, összehasonlítjuk a fogyasztás és a GDP negyedéves változását 2020-ban, és összevetjük a magyar villamosenergia-rendszerben bekövetkezett változásokat egyes európai országok rendszerének adataival. Cikkünk végén röviden bemutatjuk a villamosenergia-rendszer mint kritikus infrastruktúra működtetésének mindennapjait a járvány alatt, amely rendszer ebben a mindenki számára megerőltető időszakban is folyamatosan biztosította a fogyasztók biztonságos és megbízható villamosenergia-ellátását.

Summary. The pandemic situation caused by the coronavirus has momentarily changed the lives of everyone in the world. With the closure of borders and the imposition of curfews, tourism practically stopped overnight, civil aviation shut down, offices and some manufacturing plants closed, people were forced to stay in their homes for months, worldwide. It must also be taken into account that intensive air travel and a globalised world economy clearly predispose the world to a greater frequency of pandemics in the future, and that society, the country and humanity as a whole must be prepared to deal more effectively with similar epidemics. This salutatory change is certainly worth analysing, as much can be learned from the current situation.

In this article, we analyse the energy aspects of the epidemic, as the virus has left a deep imprint even in this industry. For the analysis, it is essential to describe the behavior of the COVID-19 pandemic in Hungary and the measures taken in parallel to contain the outbreak, as these measures have had a significant impact on the country’s electricity system. We examined the electricity consumption trends for 2020 compared to 2019. We show how the consumer sides of different European electricity systems have reacted to the situation. We conclude by highlighting the changes in the critical energy infrastructure that, despite the difficulties caused by the epidemic, the Hungarian electricity system has provided the population with the electricity which is increasingly essential to our daily lives.

The current situation highlights even more that the main infrastructures of modern societies, such as industrial production plants, transport, commerce, health care, information technology and even households, cannot function without a reliable and secure electricity supply. It is therefore of paramount importance to ensure the operational conditions of the electricity system as critical infrastructure, even during a pandemic.

Open access

Iparági sérülékenység a pandémia tükrében

Industrial vulnerability in the light of the COVID-19 pandemic

Scientia et Securitas
Authors:
Zsuzsanna Hauck
,
Tamás Vasvári
, and
József Vörös

Összefoglaló. Jelen tanulmányban a termelési folyamatokat, valamint statisztikai adatokat elemezve azt vizsgáljuk, hogy a pandémia során milyen hatások érték az inputokat, magát a termelést, az outputokat, illetve hogyan változtak meg olyan versenyprioritási tényezők, mint az idő, a minőség vagy a rugalmasság. Mivel a rövidebb, a kevésbé komplex és rugalmasabb értékláncok válságállóbbnak tűnnek, ez felgyorsíthatja az ellátási láncok regionalizációját, amit tovább fokoz, hogy a termelőszektor gyors visszarendeződésével szemben a szolgáltató ágazatoknak elhúzódó kilábalással kell szembenézniük. Ezért azt is megvizsgáltuk, hogy az egyes országok ellenálló képessége függ-e a termelő szektor méretétől. Eredményeink alapján, ahol nagyobb az ipar aránya, ott gyorsabban képes a gazdaság talpra állni, ami újabb lökést adhat a fejlett államok iparfejlesztési törekvéseinek.

Summary. The coronavirus epidemic posed challenges to all. However, with proper discipline, increased efficiency and adaptability, companies and economies can emerge stronger from this situation. In this study, we examine vulnerability of industries along three dimensions according to the general model of production complemented by aggregate statistics from Eurostat.

In terms of procurement, shorter value chains seem more resilient than complex and long supply chains. Supplier risks may be also mitigated by increasing the number of suppliers of critical inputs. The costs and risks of transporting goods are also increasing. 90% of industrial products are involved in international trade, mostly transported through maritime shipping that faces significant increase in tariffs, and the difficulty of replacing crews could lead to further disruptions to the operation of maritime routes. Thus, it is not surprising that the pandemic has increased the issue of supply chain flexibility and simplification, and has drawn attention to the importance of inventories and input replacement. Companies may consider to diversify production sites or even reshore or nearshore their production.

The rate of recovery varies in each sector: in services requiring a personal presence, such as tourism, the sudden economic downturn is followed by a slow growth, contrary to the rapid rebound of industrial production. Therefore, countries with significant manufacturing will witness V-shaped recovery, while higher reliance on services is characterized by slower and longer L-shaped scenario. Thus, the pandemic also pointed out that industrial production is key in a national economy: besides that industrial innovations increase productivity (and living standards) and manufacturing functions also have a significant multiplier effect on the service sector, manufacturing also has significant resistance against a pandemic. This could give a further push to the ongoing industrial development programs of developed economies such as Germany, the United States, or the European Union. At the same time, services that are able to move online show no decline, while service requiring a personal presence may struggle in the long run. Overall, structural changes are inevitable and companies have to adapt to the novel consuming and working preferences.

Open access