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Cities are responsible for about 30% of the energy consumed worldwide. Since 2007 more than 50% of the world population lives in cities, and urbanization is still growing. The energy-efficiency of cities is gaining greater importance today. The paper examines the possibilities of energy consumption reduction and optimization in cities. Various urban and architectural tools are described below that affect indirectly and directly the energy balance of cities. The possible ways of using renewable energy sources in cities have been analyzed. Ways and means of their use is analyzed in on-site, nearby and off-site systems.

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Pollack Periodica
Authors:
Saja Jamil Alamoush
,
Nor Haslina Ja'afar
, and
András Kertész

quality [ 23 ]. Modernization adversely affected the key role played by traditional streets as a public space that enhances city appearance. When urban design focuses on motor vehicles, lost local character must be identified [ 22 , 24

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War II, it began to use ‘Americanization’. Therefore, with the reform and opening up, the emergence of overseas design forces, from architectural landmarks to core urban design in major Chinese cities, the participation of foreign design firms is

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Abstract

In China, the decline of industrial communities suffering from both the aging of physical space and the breakdown of social relations. How to make marginalized and closed industrial communities actively integrate into the development of urban renewal has gradually become an issue of concern.

The paper takes the “Jingzhou New Town Industrial Park Urban Design Project” as an opportunity to explore a transformation path suitable for China's national conditions through the study of the history, culture, current problems, and renewal strategies of this heritage-type industrial community.

The study finally proposes three renewal strategies for industrial communities, which provide samples with certain reference value for the renewal of old industrial communities.

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. Explore Art-oriented Urban Design (AUD) theory and practice guided by art in developed cities of China. Under the guidance of urban culture and cultural policy in the new era, and by the specific situation of the development of First-tier cities

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1 Introduction In the context of climate change, microclimate design is attracting more and more attention from urban design related fields. Because it can alleviate heat stress and improve outdoor thermal comfort. In general, microclimate contains

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Design Now. Joint Center for Urban Design, Oxford 1993. Making Better Place. Urban Design Now. Heidegger, Martin: Bauen, Wohnen, Denken

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Urban form and sustainability in historic cities

A case study of two neighbourhoods in Erbil city, Iraq

Városforma és fenntarthatóság a történelmi városokban

Erbil (Irak) két városnegyedének esettanulmánya
Építés - Építészettudomány
Authors:
Rebaz Khoshnaw
and
Kornélia Kissfazekas

. : Urban Design: Method and Techniques . Architectural Press , Oxford 1999 . Owens 1992 Owens , S. : Energy, Environmental Sustainability and Land-Use Planning. In Michael

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The aim of this paper is to analyse the influence of the ‘emblematic’ public buildings of the state socialist era2 on the development of urban centres through examples of Hungarian rural towns. As these buildings of special importance were built typically in central areas, their relationship with the already existing historic centres is an important question.This paper aims to focus on three important contextual layers which represent significant dimensions of the urban structure (urban corpus context, urban fabric context, urban design context).This multi-layer context analysis can be considered as a new and efficient method. It can be adapted very well to analyse environmental relationships of various developments, such as housing estates or city centres.

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Abstract

The aim of this paper is to identify the differences in the determinants of successful transition (understood as the creation of a new development path) between the eastern and the western EU Member States between 1994 and 2014 and elaborate assumptions for a strategy of constructing regional advantage for them at the NUTS2 level. We find that the regional transition requires individual approaches to using comparative advantage at the beginning of the process and then competing with specific advantages that can be consciously constructed throughout the process. Therefore, we hypothesise that a successful transition requires constructing regional advantages based on the knowledge-related factors, leading to specialisation in the knowledge-intensive industries. Furthermore, we state that the way of constructing such advantages differs across the regions. All of our hypotheses were confirmed. Both groups of regions had different comparative advantages at the beginning of the period and constructed competitive advantage based on related knowledge-intensive industries, leading to their specialisation. Interestingly, although the process of building regional advantage was similar, the factors used to create it were different, had a different impact on GDP growth and led to a different specialisation.

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