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The aim of this study was the comparison of different sample preparation methods for multielemental ICP-MS analysis of wine samples. All investigated methods were previously published for the same purpose, but the comprehensive comparison was carried out in the frame of this study for the first time. Five wine samples of different residual sugar content (2 dry, 2 sweet and one extra fine quality dessert wine) were used from Hungarian wine districts. Due to the lack of certified reference materials method validation and cross-checking was carried out by using two different types of inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometers (ICP-MS), namely a quadrupole based ICP-MS equipped with a collision cell (ICP-CC-MS) and a high resolution sector field ICP-MS (ICP-SF-MS). The measured elements were Li, Mg, B, Al, Cu, Rb, Sr, Zr, Cd, Ba, Tl, Pb, Bi, U, Cr, Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, Zn, As, Mo and Ga.Sample preparation procedures were based on sample dilution, microwave digestion using nitric acid (in combination with and without evaporation prior to ICP-MS analysis) and a mixture of nitric acid and hydrogen peroxide. The investigation resulted that the optimal digestion method for the above-mentioned purpose is microwave digestion using nitric acid without evaporation. The advantages and disadvantages of the investigated methods are critically discussed.

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: E. Schall, Zs. Bugyi, L. Hajas, K. Török, and S. Tömösközi

Quantitation of gluten in gluten-free products is a great challenge as it is hindered by several factors including the lack of certified reference materials. To resolve this problem, our research group, in cooperation with other international experts, started a series of experiments with the goal of the production of a suitable gluten reference material. As a part of this research, several different wheat cultivars and their isolated gluten proteins were characterized by different methods, including enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). However, we need to know the performance of the ELISA methods used for this special area of research. During the present work we investigated the accuracy and precision of two different ELISA methods for our own laboratory conditions and special sample matrices (wheat flours and gliadin isolate). We have found that the tested performance characteristics of the methods seem to be appropriate on a case-by-case basis, but the long-term measurement uncertainty is higher, which makes it difficult to evaluate the results obtained with the ELISA method for these types of samples.

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Simple and rapid analytical procedures for the AAS (Atomic Absorption Spectrometry) determination of Zn, Cd, Ni, Mo and Pb in biological, geological and soil samples are described. Special attention was paid to sample preparation, which is the step, most vulnerable to contaminants. Optimal conditions are presented for the wet digestion of plant matrices, products and waste for the coal treatment and soil matrices with different acids including: nitric, perchloric, hydrochloric, hydrofluoric, sulfuric and hydrogen peroxide along with optimal temperature programmes for subsequent electrothermal (ET)-AAS and flame (F)-AAS determination of Zn, Cd, Ni, Mo and Pb. Results of the analysis of all samples are discussed. The proposed method allows obviating the organic matrix (soil and plant) destruction stage, shortening the analyte dissolution time, reducing cost, and minimizing hazards of loss and contamination. The validity and versatility of the methods developed were verified by the analysis of certified reference materials.

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