The heats of adsorption of CO2 and NH3 were studied for sodium, lithium, calcium and decationized forms of natural mordenites. The exchange of Na+ for Ca2+ leads to increasing adsorption heats at low coverages. For CO2 the region of elevated heats corresponds to the formation of Ca2+ ... CO2 adsorption complexes. Two molecules of NH3 probably interact with each Ca2+ ion (or with the Li+ ions in Li-mordenite). The heats of adsorption of NH3 on decationized mordenite are much higher than those on calcium mordenite.
Co2+ and Zn2+ ions are adsorbed on cryptomelane-type MnO2 by exchange with surface protons and with structural ions (probably K+ and/or Mn2+) in the oxide. The latter sites are responsible for the much higher capacity to these cations, compared to Na+. At all pH values, two straight lines expressing the presence of mainly two groups of sites with distinctly different adsorption energies are located in the Langmuir plots for both Co2+ and Zn2+. The apparent capacities of the two groups increase with the increase of pH, indicating the involvement of protons in the adsorption process over the whole concentration range. The higher Co2+ capacity at relatively low pH, compared to the Zn2+ capacity, is probably due to a more exchange with the structural ions. Crytomelane type MnO2 seems to be a quite heterogenous ion adsorbent whose adsorption sites could be approximated to two groups only.
Summary Using temperature-programmed desorption (TPD), we have investigated the interaction of carbon dioxide with alkali-metal cation-exchanged faujasite type zeolites (LSX, X and Y). TPD in the temperature range between 300 and 500 K results in desorption profiles of different intensities depending on the kind of cation and the aluminium content of zeolites. For NaX the desorbed amount corresponds to about one percent of the saturation capacity at 298 K. In case of NaX and X type zeolites exchanged with Cs+ ions an additional desorption peak above 500 K could be observed. Taking into account desorption curves of different heating rates, desorption energy distribution functions were calculated by using an extended integral equation. Initial adsorbed CO2 could be assigned to carbonate species in different environments by DRIFT spectroscopy.
The subject of this paper was to study Co2+-ion removal from aqueous solutions by means of natural mordenite and clinoptilolite. The mentioned zeolites were of Slovak origin (SFR). The static and dynamic equilibrium adsorption of Co2+-ions by zeolites, the influence of pH, quality and quantity of interfering ions on adsorbate/adsorbent system were investigated. The influence of flow rate, activation and initial concentration on the shape of the breakthrough curve was examined in dynamic regime. Mathematical expression was found for the breakthrough curve description.
Authors:D. Brandova, M. Maciejewski, and W. Keller
Thermal analysis combined with mass spectrometry was applied to radiocarbon dating procedures (age determination of carbon-containing
samples). Experiments carried out under an oxygen atmosphere were used to determine carbon content and combustion range of
soil and wood samples. Composition of the shell sample and its decomposition were investigated. The quantification of CO2 formed by the oxidation of carbon was done by the application of pulse thermal analysis. Experiments carried out under an
inert atmosphere determined the combustion range of coal with CuO as an oxygen source. To eliminate a possible source of contamination
in the radiocarbon dating procedures the adsorption of CO2 by CuO was investigated.
Authors:T. Yamada, S. Boyer, T. Iyoda, H. Yoshida, and J. Grolier
The effects of high pressure carbon dioxide (CO2) on the isotropic transition of three different amphiphilic di-block copolymers, PEOm-b-PMA(Az)n, namely PEO114-b-PMA(Az)40, PEO272-b-PMA(Az)46 and PEO454-b-PMA(Az)47, and on PMA(Az)30 homopolymer have been investigated by scanning transitiometry. Under CO2 pressure, the isotropic transition temperature decreased with the increase of pressure up to around 30 MPa due to CO2 sorption and increased above 40 MPa. Transition entropy of the isotropic transition indicated that the depression of the
isotropic transition temperature was caused by the adsorption of CO2 into the azobenzene moieties and that the increase above 40 MPa was caused by the desorption of CO2 into the azobenzene moieties. Comparison between PEOm-b-PMA(Az)n copolymers and PMA(Az) homopolymer clarified PEO domain acted CO2 pathway to approach the equilibrium state rapidly.
Authors:D. Amari, J. M. Lopez Cuesta, N. P. Nguyen, R. Jerrentrup, and J. L. Ginoux
Calorimetric measurements of the heat of adsorption of CO2 on zeolites with variable content of mono- and divalent cations lead to common conclusions. High initial heats (up to 120 kJ·mol−1 for NaA), generally associated with a slow and activated rate of adsorption, are found for high contents of Na+, Li+ or Ca2+. They are attributed to a limited number of chemisorption sites (0.3 per α cage in NaA).
Authors:J. M. Criado, F. Gonzalez, and M. Gonzalez
Kinetic analysis has been performed on TG and DTG diagrams of the forward reaction MnCO3⇌ MnO + CO2, recorded at different pressures of CO2 ranging form 2.6. 10−4 Pa to 26.6 kPa. The results obtained show that this reaction follows a first-order kinetic law, independently of the CO2 pressure used in carrying out the experiments. On the other hand, the activation energy increases on increase of the CO2 pressure, from 117 kJ/mol up to an asymptotic value of 292 kJ/mol at about 26.6 Pa. This finding cannot be explained by considering the influence of the reverse reaction of formation of MnCO3, for under the described experimental conditions the ratio
to zero. A mechanism that takes into account the adsorption of CO2 on the phase boundary has been proposed in order to interpret the results.
Authors:Marcela N. Barbosa, Antonio S. Araujo, Luzia P. F. C. Galvão, Edjane F. B. Silva, Anne G. D. Santos, Geraldo E. Luz Jr., and Valter J. Fernandes Jr.
-iso-propylamine (DIPA) on its structure in order to obtain materials for adsorptionofCO2 .
The mesoporous molecular sieves of type MCM-41 and SBA-15 were synthesized by the hydrothermal method [ 13 , 14 ]. In the synthesis of
Authors:Roman Bulánek, Karel Frolich, Eva Frýdová, and Pavel Čičmanec
Adsorption heats of carbon dioxide on alkali-metal exchanged MFI zeolites and silicalite as a function of CO 2 adsorbed amount at 307 K
The heats of adsorptionofCO2 on K-MFI zeolites with different Si/Al ratio are