natural pandemics is intelligence. This has myriad forms, including the direct use of humans to access information, use of sophisticated computer systems to track infrastructure and resource movements, use of literature-related discovery techniques to help
In scientific literature, there is the phenomenon of delayed recognition, where papers that initially are unappreciated but later go on to be recognized as significant are referred to as premature discoveries
citation data from 34 literature journals indexed in Web of Science (WoS) in order to depict the intellectual base—the highly cited sources—and interdisciplinary citing in literature studies. Two time frames, 1978–1987 and 1998–2007 were studied, and
Literature review is an important and fundamental work that is essential to any research study. A good literature review summarizes the current state of a designated research field, and serves as a cornerstone upon
The enormous growth of biophysical literature has created great difficulties in tracking out the significant literature of the subject. To cope with this unprecedented growth of literature, a new bibliometric technique has been applied to rank periodicals in the field based on 4228 citation data collected from the bibliographic data base published in the source journal namely,Annual Review of Biophysics. This list is expected to reflect the impact of literature on the advancement of knowledge in the field of biophysics. A striking feature of the ranking list is the high positions occupied by multidisciplinary science journals and biochemical journals as compared to journals exclusively and specifically devoted to biophysics or any particular aspects of it. Other remarkable findings are the wide scatter of biophysics literature; dominance of the USA journals and status attained by English as the preferred medium of communications of the working biophysicists. The data are also analysed according to subject categorization of the ranked periodicals. The results of the present study have been discussed in relation to Bradford's Law of Scattering and validity of the extension of the law, suggested earlier, has been well established. It is expected that the present ranking list will enable the working biophysicists to select journals from the viewpoint of their significance to the active areas of present-day biophysical research.
In accordance with high incidence of AIDS cases, there is an epidemic growth of its literature. This unprecedented growth of literature calls for serious scientometric study. Such a study will not only help the scientometrists, information scientists, but also will be very useful to the related research workers. With this in view an attempt has been made to analyse AIDS literature published during the period 1976–1986 to identify its international channel of communication, medium of communication, contributing countries, authorship trends etc. This study is based on data printed in a source document entitledCollected Papers on AIDS Research, 1976–1986 published by BIOSIS which is a retrospective bibliography incorporating valuable references to research on AIDS from 9,000 source titles monitored in BIOSIS data base. The findings of this study have also been compared to those ofWyatt andSelf, Filardo andLancaster.
Authors:Fabrizio Natale, Gianluca Fiore, and Johann Hofherr
research to adapt constantly in order to respond to policy and economic drivers.
A way for identifying key challenges for the future is to analyse how scientific literature is evolving, which are the “hot topics” emerging and which disciplines and
the works of the Commission, which probably accounts for its multiple available interpretations.
Previous research by the authors attempted to clarify existing views on sustainable development and how they evolved by means of two literature
is a multidisciplinary and comparatively new area of science that has made a
significant impact within a short period. A systematic analysis of the rise in
bioinformatics literature is, however, not available. This study analyses the
growth of the scientific literature in this area as available from NCBI PubMed
using standard bibliometric techniques. Bradford's law of scattering was used
to identify core journals and Lotka's law employed to analyze author's
productivity pattern. Study also explored publication type, language and the
country of publication. Twenty core journals were identified and the primary
mode of dissemination of information was through journal articles. Authors with
single publication were more predominant (73.58%) contrary to that predicted by
Lotka's law. The study provides useful information to scientists wishing to
undertake work in this area.
The study of university–industry (U–I) relationships has been the focus of growing interest in the literature (Bekkers and Freitas 2008 ; Gulbrandsen et al. 2011 ), and the contribution of universities to