Authors:E. Blicharska, Ł. Komsta, R. Kocjan, A. Gumieniczek, A. Kloc, and J. Kaźmierczak
The paper discusses a possibility to grow seeds on solutions of microelements and application of sprouts enriched in such a way as an alternative to commercial dietary supplements. It contains a short review of the approaches reported till now and a systematic experimental study, carried on the most frequently used seeds (Lens culinaris, Helianthus annuus, Vigna radiata, Glycine max, and Lepidium sativum).Seven metals (Fe, Cu, Zn, Ni, Co, Cd, and Mn) were studied. Seeds were grown on cellulose in 20°C temperature using deionized water enriched with metals in concentrations: 100, 50, 25, 12.5, 6.25, and 3.125 mg/L in a period of 4 days. The reference samples were the seeds grown on pure deionized water. Sprouts were mineralized by microwave radiation, and the metal content was quantified by ion chromatography with on-line post-column derivatization and spectrophotometric detection.The conclusions can be treated as general recommendations, which seeds should be grown and what concentrations of metals in solutions should be applied to provide good enrichment and to avoid risk of microelement overdose.
Authors:I. Sowa, D. Zajdel, R. Kocjan, M. Pizoń, and M. Wójciak-Kosior
The new obtained sorbent based on silica gel modified with polyaniline was used as a stationary phase in the ion chromatography of anions. NO3- and NO2- ions were analyzed by UV spectrophotometric detection (200 nm). It can be stated that the optimal mobile phase was a 0.05 M hydrochloric acid and the optimal flow speed was 0.3 mL min−1. The separation of both anions in the presented condition was satisfactory. The resolution factor (peak resolution) was 3.3. It suggests the possibility of the column application for simultaneous speciation analysis of nitrate ions.