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Central European Geology
Authors: Attila Demény, Alexandra Németh, Zoltán Kern, György Czuppon, Mihály Molnár, Szabolcs Leél-Őssy, Mihály Óvári, and József Stieber

, temperature changes, vegetation, and soil biological activity. A widely accepted method to establish a proxy-environment transfer function is cave monitoring when physical and chemical parameters are monitored outside and inside the cave in order to determine

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W. D avies – R. H edges : Dating the Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic transition: a new chronometric framework . In: Pleistocene Environments and Archaeology of the Dzeravá Skala Cave , Lesser Carpathians, Slovakia . Eds

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  Superior vena caval stenting, N 11 1   Hemodialysis access PTA, N 6 4   Renal vein stenting, N 1 0   Celiac trunk stenting, N 2 0   Superior mesenteric artery stenting, N 2 2   Inferior mesenteric artery PTA, N 0 1   Inferior mesenteric artery stenting, N 1

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.” On page 32, in Fig. 2, the name “Cave Sediment” should read “Cave Limestone.” On page 56, in lines 40 and 51, and on page 58, in line 50 in References section, the name “Geological and Institute of Hungary” should read “Geological Institute of

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misquote of Muraresku in the section: The Religion has a Name: “Shamanism” in Paragraph 2 (under the section title), in line 8: The quote currently reads: “Lying down in a cave for a few days might get the job done,” The correct quote is: “Lying down in a

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The metal-organic framework (MOF) is a kind of new type self-assembly porous coordination polymer, which possesses many characteristics such as homologic hole, controllable size of cave, high specific surface area, and good chemical stability. In this study, a three-dimensional framework [Zn2(d-Cam)2(4,4′-bpy)]n with large homochiral channel and the orderly arrangement of left- and right-handed helices was used as chiral stationary phases (CSPs) in gas chromatography (GC). [Zn2(d-Cam)2 (4,4′-bpy)]n-coated open tubular column was prepared by a dynamic coating method for high-resolution GC. Some racemates, isomers, linear alkanes, and alcohols are used as the targets for separation. The column coating properties efficiency, polarity, and selectivity were studied. The experimental results show that the stationary phase has outstanding selectivity and also possesses good recognition ability toward these compounds.

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Összefoglaló. A vena cava inferior leiomyosarcomája a vena tunica mediájából kiinduló igen ritka rosszindulatú daganat. Tünetei és radiomorfológiai jelei nem mindig juttatnak pontos kórisméhez, szövettani mintavétele pedig elhelyezkedése miatt veszélyes lehet. Diagnózisa ezért sokszor jelent kihívást a klinikusok számára. Kezelése elsősorban sebészi, amelyet együtt vagy monoterápiában alkalmazott radioterápia és kemoterápia egészít ki.

Esetünkben egy 74 éves nőbeteg tünetmentes, a v. cava inferior jobb v. renalis fölötti részének jobb mellékvesével összefüggő tumorát találtuk. Endokrinológiai kivizsgálása során a szérum kortizol, adrenalin, noradrenalin, adenocorticotrop hormon (ACTH), teljes és szabad tesztoszteron, dehidroepiandroszteron-szulfát (DHEA-S), nemi hormon kötőfehérje (sex hormone binding globulin, SHBG) normál tartományban volt, a tumor hormonszekréciót nem mutatott. A tumor sebészi eltávolítása mellett döntöttünk. Preoperatív biopsziát annak kockázatai miatt nem végeztünk.

A műtét során a v. cava inferior daganatát találtuk, a tumor eltávolítását végeztük a vena falának resectiójával, a jobb mellékvese eltávolításával és a jobb v. renalis neoimplantatiójával. A jobb feltárás érdekében a műtét elején cholecystectómiát is végeztünk. A műtét után szövődmény nem jelentkezett. A beteg adjuváns radioterápiában részesült.

A tumor korai diagnózisának és en bloc resectiójának köszönhetően jelentősen növeltük a beteg gyógyulási esélyeit, az elvégzett radioterápiával pedig csökkentettük a recidíva valószínűségét.

Summary. Leiomyosacroma of the inferior vena cava is an extremely rare malignancy originating from the tunica media of the venous wall. Its symptoms and radiomorphological signs do not always lead to an accurate diagnosis. Histological sampling can be dangerous due to its location. Therefore the diagnosis is often a challenge for clinicians. Its treatment is primarily surgical, supplemented by radiotherapy and chemotherapy applied together or in monotherapy.

In our case, an asymptomatic 74-year-old female patient was diagnosed with a tumor of the inferior caval vein located just above the right renal vein and involving the right adrenal gland. As serum cortisol, epinephrine, norepinephrine, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), total and free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) was at normal level, the tumor showed no hormone secretion. Primary surgical resection was planned. Preoperative biopsy was not performed due to its high risk of complications.

During operation, tumor resection was performed by resection of the venous wall, removal of the right adrenal gland and neoimplantation of the right renal vein. For better exposure, cholecystectomy was also performed at the beginning of surgery. There were no postoperative complications. The patient received adjuvant radiation therapy.

Thanks to the early diagnosis of the tumor and the complete resection, we significantly increased the patient’s chances of total recovery. With the radiotherapy performed, we reduced the likelihood of tumor recurrence.

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of Management Journal 43 ( 5 ): 909 – 924 . Caves , R. E. ( 1998 ): Industrial Organization and New Findings on the Turnover and Mobility of Firms . Journal of

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–1710. 11 Haskal, Z. J., Potosky, D. R., Twaddell, W. S.: Percutaneous endovascular creation of an inferior vena cava in a patient with caval agenesis, Budd–Chiari syndrome, and iliofemorocaval

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). The oldest cereal beer appears to have been dated to 13,000 years ago, and its processing was established at Mount Carmel (Israel), in the Natufian site of the Raqefet Cave. The analysis of the starch granules found on the internal surfaces of some

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