Authors:Alexey Tymoshenko, Gennadii Tkach, Vitalii Sikora, Valentina Bumeister, Ihor Shpetnyi, Mykola Lyndin, Olena Maksymova, and Anna Maslenko
effect on all biological species  . Direct or indirect intake of different contaminants can cause a disease or become a reason for the development of related disorders [2, 3] .
Heavymetals are considered to be terribly dangerous for their
Authors:Anatolii Romaniuk, Vladyslav Sikora, Mykola Lyndin, Vladyslav Smiyanov, Volodymyr Sikora, Yulia Lyndina, Artem Piddubnyi, Nataliya Gyryavenko, and Anna Korobchanska
into biosphere is comprised of heavymetal salts (HMS). The prevalence and toxicity of these metals pose a significant problem to many countries [ 3, 4 ]. Unfortunately, because of the increase in day-to-day pollution by various emissions, ecological
Authors:Ivana Marko, Réka Csicsaiová, Jaroslav Hrudka, Ivona Škultétyová, Štefan Stanko, and Paula Brandeburová
. The study was divided into two parts. The first part was focus to the evaluation of the pH and conductivity of surface runoff. In the second part, the heavymetals were measured in urban stormwater. The evaluation of the measured values was by the
Authors:Anatolii Romaniuk, Mykola Lyndin, Roman Moskalenko, Yevhen Kuzenko, Oksana Gladchenko, and Yuliia Lyndina
Materials and Methods: Chemical composition was studied with the help of the scanning electron microscope with energy-dispersion spectrometer. Immunohistochemical reaction showed the p53 and Ki-67 receptors expression. The study of DNA fragmentation was performed in agarose gel. Results: There was an interrelation between the accumulations of the trace elements with the degree of cancer malignancy. There were 85% of cases with positive reaction to Ki-67 and 40% cases with positive reaction to p53. We found a moderate correlation between the accumulation of microelements in the breast cancer tissue and the level of proliferative activity. We noted the combination of the increase of DNA fragmentation with the expression of p53 and Ki-67 receptors. Conclusions: The trace elements can cause the initiation and the progression of the tumorous growth, which is expressed in the increased proliferation of tumor cells. This leads to the destabilization of the genetic material which can be expressed in the synthesis of mutant p53 protein. Finally, it leads to the block of apoptosis and regulatory effects of cells. This can cause the tumor progression and the destabilization of the genome, which is reflected in the increased DNA fragmentation.
Authors:Nils Baumann, Thuro Arnold, and Martin Lonschinski
In situ leaching of uranium ores with sulfuric acid during active uranium mining activity on the Gessenheap has caused longstanding
environmental problems of acid mine drainage and elevated concentrations of uranium. To study there remediation measures the
test site Gessenwiese, a recultivated former uranium mining heap near Ronnenburg/East Thuringia/Germany, was installed as
a part of a research program of the Friedrich-Schiller University Jena to study, among other techniques, the phytoremediation
capacity of native and selected plants towards uranium. In the first step the uranium speciation in surface seepage and soil
pore waters from Gessenwiese, ranging in pH from 3.2 to 4.0, were studied by time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy
(TRLFS). Both types of water samples showed mono-exponential luminescence decay, indicating the presence of only one major
species. The detected emission bands were found at 477.5, 491.8, 513.0, 537.2, 562.3, and 590.7 nm in case of the surface
water samples, and were found at 477.2, 493.2, 513.8, 537.0, 562.4, and 590.0 nm in case of the soil water samples. These
characteristic peak maxima together with the observed mono-exponential decay indicated that the uranium speciation in the
seepage and soil pore waters is dominated by the uranium (VI) sulfate species UO2SO4(aq). Due to the presence of luminescence quenchers in the natural water samples the measured luminescence lifetimes of the UO2SO4(aq) species of 1.0–2.6 μs were reduced in comparison to pure uranium sulfate solutions, which show a luminescence lifetime of
4.7 μs. These results convincingly show that in the pH range of 3.2–4.0 TRLFS is a suitable and very useful technique to study
the uranium speciation in naturally occurring water samples.
Authors:Kovács Katalin, Horváth Márk, Halász Gábor, Takács Anita, Heltai György, Boros Norbert, Sipos Péter, and Győri Zoltán
Irodalom Adriano , D. C . , 2001 . Trace Elements In Terrestrial Environments . Springer . New York . Alloway , B. J . , 1995 . HeavyMetals in Soils . Chapmann&Hall London . Aydinalp , C ., Marinova , S . , 2003 . Distribution And
Insects are alternative protein sources as nutritious novel food. However, there are some risks associated with the consumption of insects, even if rearing in controlled systems. Except for a recent EFSA opinion on the safety of insects as food, the European law is not conclusive regarding using insects as food products. Insects may be associated with microorganisms, but the prevalence of pathogens is usually lower than in case of other animal proteins. Insect proteins can induce allergic reactions, but only few studies are available on allergic reactions due to insect ingestion, and direct hypersensitivity to insect protein has not been proven. Some insect species are considered toxic, because some toxic substances are accumulated from toxic plants or are synthesized by the insects. However, there are few reports available about adverse reactions caused by insect consumption. Insects and insect derived food products may contain hazardous chemicals such as heavy metals, dioxins, mycotoxins, plant toxins, biocides, and veterinary drugs. However, data on hazardous chemicals in reared insects and accumulation of chemical contaminants from the substrates are limited. This review is not demonstrating the safety of insects as a food category, but the possibility of insects for human consumption with no more hazards than other animal products.
Authors:Kelemen Bettina, Füzy Anna, Cseresnyés Imre, Parádi István, Kovács Ramóna, Rajkai Kálmán, and Takács Tünde
stress effects in pot experiments using principal component analysis . Acta Physiologiae Plantarum . 41 . 56 . GÖHRE , V ., & PASZKOWSKI , U ., 2006 . Contribution of the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis to heavymetal phytoremediation . Planta