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experimental and numerical studies investigated the behavior of composite concrete-steel plate shear walls under earthquake loading [ 8 ]-[ 10 ]. In the current study, the existing buildings were strengthened by introducing a composite concrete-steel plate

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Abstract

This paper presents the results of a theoretical-numerical study of laterally-restrained thin-walled steel rectangular hollow flange beams subjected to bending, shear and bending and shear interaction. Finite element analyses were carried out by using ANSYS software, and validated by previous experimental tests. Furthermore, the effect of intermediate stiffeners was investigated, where the improvement percentage in bending capacity was 4.4%. Additionally, all the corresponding outcomes were calculated according to EN 1993-1-3. The results showed that current standard rules tend to be somewhat conservative in both bending and bending and shear interaction cases, while they are not quite accurate in shear case.

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References [1] Howell R. , Qin N. , Edwards J. , et al. ( 2009 ), Wind tunnel and numerical study of a small VAWT . Renewable

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, 1998 , pp. 219 – 227 . [4] Wiriyasart S. , Naphon P. Numerical study on air ventilation in the workshop room with multiple heat

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] Ali-Toudert F. , Mayer H. Numerical study on the effects of aspect ratio and orientation of an urban street canyon on outdoor thermal comfort in hot and dry climate , Building and Environment , Vol. 41 , No

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. “ Process intensification in green synthesis ” Kumar , V. , Nigam , K. D. P. Green Processing and Synthesis 2012 , 1 , 79 – 107 . “ A review on numerical studies of slug flow hydrodynamics and heat transfer in microtubes and

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, C. Tsang , L. Jing 2004 : Stress-dependent permeability of fractured rock masses: A numerical study . – International

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. 5 , pp. 387 – 393 , 2011 . 10.1016/j.ndteint.2011.03.003 [5] X. Luo , M. Zhao , J. Li , and C. Duan , “ Numerical study on thermodynamic behavior during selective laser melting of 24CrNiMo alloy steel ”, Materials , vol. 13 , no. 1

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used in most numerical studies which investigate buckling behavior of steel members at elevated temperatures [ 6, 15, 16 ]. Kervalishvil [ 18 ] studied the influence of residual stresses on the stability of steel columns at elevated temperatures

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variation can be attributed to the numerical studies and review papers in this field. Moreover, this figure presents the variation in the article numbers by using nanofluids and geometry or inserts categories, that aimed to enhance the performance of the PTC

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