Authors:Dariusz Szychowski, Barbara Pacewska, Grzegorz Makomaski, Janusz Zieliński, Wiesława Ciesińska, and Tatiana Brzozowska
Literature references present the possibilities of use of various mineral and carbon substances to produce complex sorbents. Often used mineral substances of highly developed surface are silica and alumina while
solid phase extraction (d-SPE) is based on the addition of the sorbent material into the extract to remove the matrix concomitants. d-SPE is another novel sample preparation technique which offers unique advantages such as simplicity, low solvent use
Authors:M. Mallah, M. Ghannadi Maragheh, A. Badiei, and R. Habibzadeh Sbo
In the present work, results of γ-irradiation on normal and functionalized SBA-15 by aurintricarboxylic acid have been reported.
Characterization of normal and functionalized SBA-15 particles before and after γ-irradiation was carried out using Fourier-transform
infrared technique. Aurintricarboxylic acid ligand connected to SBA-15 was also analyzed using UV/Vis spectrophotometer. The
modified sorbent was then used as a new sorbent for separation of trace amounts of praseodymium and lutetium ions from nuclear
waste waters in batch techniques. Based on the results of distribution coefficients determination, and investigation of sorption
process in various conditions, the parameters were optimized for separation lanthanides. It can be concluded that the functionalized
SBA-15 is a promising sorbent for praseodymium and lutetium cations.
The microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS) was applied to a fractionation of cuticular wax extracts from several solanaceous plant species. A procedure developed requires only 0.6 mL of organic solvents and may be completed in less than 10 min. Hydrocarbons, which are frequently used in chemotaxonomy of Solanaceae, were almost exclusively eluted in one fraction. The amounts of most commonly detected polar wax components (alcohols, sterols, triterpenes) in the same fraction were reduced to ca. 34–46% of the total amounts in the whole extract. Despite the contamination of the hydrocarbon fraction with other wax components, the results obtained using MEPS and standard column chromatography on silica gel were similar when compared using cluster analysis based on the hydrocarbon profiles. However, the method was far less successful in removing the sucrose esters from extracts of Nicotiana rustica leaves. Thus, MEPS fractionation of plant cuticular waxes may be a fast and reliable alternative for the standard liquid chromatography techniques as long as no sucrose esters are present in the extract.
Authors:Erik de Blois, Ho Chan, Kamalika Roy, Eric Krenning, and Wouter Breeman
PET with 68Ga from the TiO2- or SnO2- based 68Ge/68Ga generators is of increasing interest for PET imaging in nuclear medicine. In general, radionuclidic purity (68Ge vs. 68Ga activity) of the eluate of these generators varies between 0.01 and 0.001%. Liquid waste containing low amounts of 68Ge activity is produced by eluting the 68Ge/68Ga generators and residues from PET chemistry. Since clearance level of 68Ge activity in waste may not exceed 10 Bq/g, as stated by European Directive 96/29/EURATOM, our purpose was to reduce 68Ge activity in solution from >10 kBq/g to <10 Bq/g; which implies the solution can be discarded as regular waste. Most efficient
method to reduce the 68Ge activity is by sorption of TiO2 or Fe2O3 and subsequent centrifugation. The required 10 Bq per mL level of 68Ge activity in waste was reached by Fe2O3 logarithmically, whereas with TiO2 asymptotically. The procedure with Fe2O3 eliminates ≥90% of the 68Ge activity per treatment. Eventually, to simplify the processing a recirculation system was used to investigate 68Ge activity sorption on TiO2, Fe2O3 or Zeolite. Zeolite was introduced for its high sorption at low pH, therefore 68Ge activity containing waste could directly be used without further interventions. 68Ge activity containing liquid waste at different HCl concentrations (0.05–1.0 M HCl), was recirculated at 1 mL/min. With Zeolite
in the recirculation system, 68Ge activity showed highest sorption.
Authors:Stefano Dugheri, Giorgio Marrubini, Nicola Mucci, Giovanni Cappelli, Alessandro Bonari, Ilenia Pompilio, Lucia Trevisani, and Giulio Arcangeli
, and concentration of the target analytes [ 3, 4 ]. Analysts generally use cartridge-type devices for SPE that contain packed solid particles of porous chromatographic material. The mechanism of action of SPE is the interaction between the solid sorbent
Authors:Arezoo Hassan Noori, Mohammad Rezaee, Maryam Kazemipour, and Hossein Ali Mashayekhi
various samples [ 8 ]. SPE is a well-established method for the preconcentration and isolation of various analytes from different matrices. In SPE, selection of an appropriate sorbent is an important strategy in the elaboration of analytical procedure, and
Authors:Ebru Büyüktuncel, Esra Porgalı, and Serpil Özkara
Molecular imprinting has become an interesting method to produce recognition sites in a macromolecular matrix for the preparation of selective sorbents over the past decades [ 1 ]. Molecularly imprinted polymers
Authors:Yonggang Li, Ziliang Chen, Sheng Wen, Xiaolin Hou, Rui Zhang, and Meihu Ma
cartridges, such as OASIS HLB [ 7 ] or StrataX [ 21 ], is time-consuming and expensive. Here, dispersive SPE was utilized with sorbents to purify the samples in a more efficient and cost-effective process.
Previous reports have suggested that PSA
, acetonitrile, and solid sorbent for BPA extraction. The samples with BPA concentrations <MDL were in glass containers or cans that are void from any BPA lining like tin, gold plated, or steel plating. This indicated also that raw food (before canning