to summarize present knowledge on antimicrobialresistance in G. duodenalis as well as to highlight the way ahead with focus on therapeutic alternatives. Methods A selective literature research based on the search words “ Giardia ” and “resistance
Authors:Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Fouzia Rhazi Filali, Slimane Khayi, Said Oulghazi, Brahim Bouchrif, Abdellah El Allaoui, Bouchra Ouhmidou, and Mohieddine Moumni
phylogenetic relationship, (ii) to study the distribution of 6 virulence genes among the isolated strains, and (iii) to assess their antimicrobialresistance using 26 antibiotics.
Materials and Methods
Authors:Ádám Kerek, Ágnes Sterczer, Zoltán Somogyi, Dóra Kovács, and Ákos Jerzsele
antimicrobialresistance that poses a considerable threat in human and veterinary hospitals ( van der Kolk et al., 2019 ). Besides proper personal hygiene as well as equipment and environmental cleaning and disinfection, the active surveillance of pathogens in
Authors:Abed Zahedi Bialvaei, Tala Pourlak, Mina Aghamali, Mohammad Asgharzadeh, Pourya Gholizadeh, and Hossein Samadi Kafil
Bacterial antimicrobial resistance mediated by the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) is considered a major threat for treatment of Salmonella and Shigella infections. This study aimed to investigate antibiotic resistance patterns of Salmonella and Shigella spp. and presence of CTX-M from three teaching hospitals in Iran. In the present study, 58 clinical Shigella and 91 Salmonella isolates were recovered between 2009 and 2013 from 3 teaching hospitals in Iran. After culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing, ESBL-positive isolates were subjected to further investigations. These included polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and DNA sequencing of blaCTX-M-15 encoding plasmid. In both genera, high sensitivity to gentamicin and amikacin, but high resistance to ampicillin, tetracycline, and trimethoprim—sulfamethoxazole, was found. Molecular investigation showed that 31.8% isolates of Salmonella spp. and 34.48% isolates of Shigella spp. were CTX-M positive and all of them were also positive for ISEcpI. Protein translation, comparing with reference sequences, showed that all CTX-M isolates belong to CTX-M-15. The present study suggests that the resistance of ESBLs-producing Salmonella and Shigella spp. in Iran hospitals is very serious. Therefore, strategies to minimize the spread of ESBL-producing isolates should be implemented.
Authors:Fabrizio Bertelloni, Marianne Chemaly, Domenico Cerri, Françoise Le Gall, and Valentina Virginia Ebani
failure; moreover, they can be a source of antimicrobialresistance genes for other bacteria. For this reason, the antimicrobial sensitivity test is essential in determining an appropriate antibiotic therapy that, anyway, should be accompanied by the
Authors:Rasmus G. Bandick, Soraya Mousavi, Stefan Bereswill, and Markus M. Heimesaat
Introduction Current situation Emerging antimicrobialresistance of bacterial strains constitutes a worldwide major threat to mankind [ 1 ]. Lately, the race between the development of novel antibiotics and the progressive emergence of multi
Authors:Éva Nemes-Nikodém, Alexandra Brunner, Béla Tóth, Veronika Tóth, András Bánvölgyi, and Eszter Ostorházi
World Health Organization (WHO), Department of Reproductive Health and Research: Global action plan to control the spread and impact of antimicrobialresistance in Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. WHO, Geneva, 2012, 1
[accessed: July 15, 2019].
World Health Organization. Antimicrobialresistance: global report
on surveillance. WHO, Geneva, 2014; pp. 1–256. Available from:
Authors:Réka Szabó, Enikő Wehmann, and Tibor Magyar
. , Olsen , K. , Chander , Y. and Goyal , S. M. (2003b): Antimicrobialresistance in bacterial pathogens isolated from turkeys in Minnesota from 1998 to 2002 . Int. J. Appl. Res. Vet. Med . 14 , 506 – 3