Authors:Beata Salamon, Jan Kapała, and Marcelle Gaune-Escard
values is insignificant. However, for the calculation of the enthalpyofsolution the values of calorimeter constant were used separately. The quality of heating the reference material was controlled by analysis of the temperature dependence of
Authors:V. Korolev, O. Antonova, N. Smirnova, and A. Kustov
The heats of solution of tetrabutylammonium bromide have been measured in mixtures of formamide (FA) with methanol (MeOH)
and ethylene glycol (EG) at 313.15 K by calorimetric method. The standard enthalpies of solution in binary mixtures have been
extrapolated to infinite dilution by Redlich–Rosenfeld–Meyer type equation using the literary data at 298.15 K and the present
paper data at 313.15 K. The Debye–Hückel limiting law slope AH required for calculation of the ∆solH0 value has been obtained with application the new additive scheme of determination of the physic-chemical characteristics
of binaries. The scheme is tested on the example of Bu4NBr solutions in FA–MeOH mixture at 298.15 K. Its application yields the ∆solH0 value very closed on the ones determined with the real (non-additive) characteristics of binaries. The standard enthalpies
of solution extrapolated by Redlich–Rosenfeld–Meyer type equation are in a good agreement with the ones computed in terms
of the Debye–Hückel theory in the second approximation. The heat capacities characteristics of Bu4NBr have been calculated in H2O–FA, MeOH–FA and EG–FA mixtures using the literary and present data. The sequence of solvents H2O > FA > EG > MeOH located on their ability to solvophobic solvation found by us earlier for enthalpic characteristics is
confirmed by the ∆Cp0 values. The comparison of thermochemical characteristics of Bu4NBr solutions in aqueous and non-aqueous mixtures containing FA has been carried out. The own structure of water remains in
the region of small additions of formamide to co-solvents. It considerably differs the H2O–FA mixture from the investigated non-aqueous systems.
-component systems can be calculated from the enthalpyofsolution or enthalpy of mixing [ 8 ].
The PS model proposed by Covington et al. [ 3 ] and adapted to the enthalpic effect analysis by Balk and Somsen [ 9 ] is based on the simplest version of the