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Psychedelics have been investigated for their therapeutic applications in end-of-life care as early as 1960. Recently, there have been four main groups conducting clinical trials for either lysergic acid diethylamide or psilocybin for the treatment of anxiety and depression in patients with terminal illnesses. The recent trials have higher methodological quality and demonstrate the profound impact of psychedelics for this particular patient presentation. However, a number of gaps, including understanding the meaning of death and dying in Western society; the nature of the psychedelic experience and how this lends itself to assisting those who are facing death; and how suffering and psychological distress are defined and understood in current psychiatric and medical frameworks. This article provides a critical evaluation of the recent publications and suggests how anthropology may contribute knowledge to this emerging field.

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Journal of Psychedelic Studies
Authors: Cody Sykes Gilbert, Mitch Earleywine, Maha N. Mian, and Brianna R. Altman

onset, withdrawal, side effects, and poor efficacy have inspired renewed research in psychedelic-assisted therapy ( Romeo, Karila, Martelli, & Benyamina, 2020 ). Ayahuasca, a psychoactive plant brew traditionally consumed by native communities in the

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to numerous requests from therapists seeking an opportunity to undergo psychedelic-assisted therapy for training purposes. They applied to FDA to amend their existing LSD research protocols to include the administration of LSD to both therapists and

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outpatient services and the self-administered daily use of pharmaceutical drugs ( Richert & Dyck, 2019 ). Today, insistence by those who wish to develop scalable psychedelic-assisted therapies on the prioritization of safety, quality of service provision, and

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Journal of Psychedelic Studies
Authors: Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Audun Stubhaug, Bjørn Holmøy, Tor Morten Kvam, and Silje Endresen Reme

Abstract

Background

Psilocybin is emerging as a promising therapeutic agent for a wide range of psychiatric conditions, and clinical trials on psilocybin-assisted treatment are forthcoming in Scandinavian countries. However, little is known about attitudes towards this psychedelic compound among the general public in Nordic countries. This might represent a confound, and reduce the validity of research findings or the overall feasibility of conducting high-quality clinical trials.

Aims

The main objective of this study is to address the knowledge gap surrounding use and attitudes towards psilocybin in Norway.

Methods

We asked a representative sample of the Norwegian population (N = 1,078) if they have ever tried psilocybin and if they would be willing to do so as part of medical treatment. These questions were part of a larger online survey on a variety personal preferences and attitudes, and the survey was not presented as a study on psilocybin.

Results

Of the 1,078 respondents, 8% reported previous psilocybin use and 51% were willing to try psilocybin in medical treatment.

Conclusions

Psilocybin use is more common in Norway than the authors hypothesized, and the general public is relatively open to using psilocybin in a medical context. The latter is interpreted as promising with regards to the feasibility of conducting rigorous clinical trials on potential effects and side effects of psilocybin-assisted treatment in Norway.

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, psychedelic-assisted therapy has failed to center the needs of people of color ( Williams & Labate, 2020 ). Over 80% of participants in treatment trials are White and less than 3% are Black ( Michaels, Purdon, Collins, & Williams, 2018 ). Across the globe

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clinicians to deliver psychedelic-assisted therapies ( Phelps, 2017 ). Yet, despite these developments, and an impressive spate of progressive and well-intentioned international investigators, the science as a whole remains severely lacking in diversity and

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 al., 2016 ). Anecdotal reports from patients comparing the experience of typical psychotherapy and psychedelic-assisted therapy emphasize that hallucinogens appear to accelerate emotional processes ( Gasser, Kirchner, & Passie, 2015 ), perhaps facilitating a

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everyday interactions outside of the treatment space ( Williams et al., 2020 ). Discussion Psychedelic-assisted therapy for Black women The material that emerged from the MDMA-assisted psychotherapy sessions was filled with themes that are particularly

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( Kaelen et al., 2018 ). However, to date, no empirical research has been conducted to examine the role of music in psychedelic-assisted therapy with people of color. Music is strongly connected to culture, and it makes sense that music conducive

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