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solvents and have excellent physiochemical properties such as low vapor pressure, good thermal stability, and tunable viscosity [ 24 , 25 ]. ILs result from the combination of organic cations and anions and are usually liquids at room temperature [ 26

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maximum temperature ( T max ) and a full equilibrium of metal vapour pressure in the keyhole and pressure of shielding gases, effective heat capacity in temperatures exceeding boiling point is defined as follows [ 15 ]: 8 where is a latent heat of

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Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Authors: Juliusz Leszczynski, Krzysztof T. Wojciechowski, and Andrzej Leslaw Malecki

partial agreement with the results of Snyder et al. [ 9 ]. They have observed the presence of CoSb, besides CoSb 2 as a product of CoSb 3 decomposition. Our result is probably an effect of higher Sb vapour pressure during the experiment. The Sb 4 vapour

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alternatives to hazardous organic solvents because of their unique properties such as low melting temperature, high thermal stability, wide liquid phase range, non-flammability, and low vapor pressure [ 19 ], it still shows drawbacks such as toxic, complicated

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changing the composition of materials. Besides, they have almost no vapor pressure so there are less harmful to operators and environment. But according to the published literatures, some of the materials for the synthesis of ILs are expensive and the

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Central European Geology
Authors: Máté Zsigmond Leskó, Richárd Zoltán Papp, Boglárka Anna Topa, Ferenc Kristály, Tamás Vigh, and Norbert Zajzon

: X-ray Identification and Crystal Structure of Clay Minerals . – Mineralogical Society of London , London , 544 p. Brunton , G. 1955 : Vapour pressure

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cracks and explosive spalling. Lower porosity and dense microstructure are responsible for the poor behavior of MK concrete at elevated temperatures. Due to the vapor pressure in dense pore structure, explosive spalling was observed between 450 and 500 °C

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Sciences , 7 : 109 – 117 . Brindley , G.W. ( 1961 ). X-ray identification and crystal Structure of clay minerals . Mineralogical Society of London , 544 . Brunton , G ( 1955 ). Vapour pressure glycolation of oriented clay minerals . American

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Acta Chromatographica
Authors: Stefano Dugheri, Nicola Mucci, Alessandro Bonari, Giorgio Marrubini, Giovanni Cappelli, Daniela Ubiali, Marcello Campagna, Manfredi Montalti, and Giulio Arcangeli

analyte heat of vaporization, R is the gas constant (8.314 J/mol K), T (K) is the sampling temperature, γ is the solute activity coefficient, P vap (Pa) is the vapor pressure, and T * is the known temperature coefficient. As can be seen from eq

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), calcium chloride hexahydrate (CaCl 2 ·6H 2 O), lithium chloride (LiCl), silica gel and phosphorus pentoxide (P 2 O 5 ) were used to maintain constant vapour pressure. The powder formulations were also equilibrated at fixed ambient conditions (25 °C, 40

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