Authors:Gellért Balázs Karvaly, Kornélia Tekes, Zoltán Szimrók, József FŰrÉsz, Kamil KuČa, and Huba Kalász
prognosis for victims, the prophylactic drug or immediate post-exposure administration of an efficient antidote would be imperative. Unfortunately, the effectiveness of current treatment protocols is unpredictable due to the weak effect of atropine on the
Authors:S.M. Nurulain, S. Ojha, S. Dhanasekaran, K. Kuča, N. Nalin, C. Sharma, A. Adem, and H. Kalász
Distribution of K027, a hydrophilic, positively charged compound is monitored in the body of pregnant mice using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Intraperitoneal injection was done on the 18th day of pregnancy; the plasma and brains of the mother mice, placentae and the fetuses’ brains were dissected following 5, 15, 30, 60, and 120 min of treatment. Significant incorporation of K027 was found in the placentae and in fetuses’ brains relative to its levels in the mothers’ plasma and brains. This incorporation warns of a possible adjustment of dose of pyridinium aldoxime antidotes in case of pregnancy. Further studies with different gestational periods and animal models are warranted.
Authors:Edo Shonin, William Van Gordon, and Mark D. Griffiths
In the last five years, scientific interest into the potential applications of Buddhist-derived interventions (BDIs) for the treatment of problem gambling has been growing. This paper reviews current directions, proposes conceptual applications, and discusses integration issues relating to the utilisation of BDIs as problem gambling treatments.
Aliterature search and evaluation of the empirical literature for BDIs as problem gambling treatments was undertaken.
To date, research has been limited to cross-sectional studies and clinical case studies and findings indicate that Buddhist-derived mindfulness practices have the potential to play an important role in ameliorating problem gambling symptomatology. As an adjunct to mindfulness, other Buddhist-derived practices are also of interest including: (i) insight meditation techniques (e.g., meditation on ‘emptiness’) to overcome avoidance and dissociation strategies, (ii) ‘antidotes’ (e.g., patience, impermanence, etc.) to attenuate impulsivity and salience-related issues, (iii) loving-kindness and compassion meditation to foster positive thinking and reduce conflict, and (iv) ‘middle-way’ principles and ‘bliss-substitution’ to reduce relapse and temper withdrawal symptoms. In addition to an absence of controlled treatment studies, the successful operationalisation of BDIs as effective treatments for problem gambling may be impeded by issues such as a deficiency of suitably experienced BDI clinicians, and the poor provision by service providers of both BDIs and dedicated gambling interventions.
Preliminary findings for BDIs as problem gambling treatments are promising, however, further research is required.
Authors:Shuanghu Wang, Zixia Lin, Ke Su, Jing Zhang, Lijing Zhang, Zhimou Gao, Zhiyi Wang, Jianshe Ma, and Xianqin Wang
mL can result in human beings' moderately severe poisoning whose rate of death is as high as over 50% [ 5 , 6 ]. The research for the antidote to the paraquat is of great importance. As non-selective herbicide, it has been applied to agriculture in
movements, and holding problems. From the health psychology point of view, we emphasize the role of regular movement and sport. For all disorders of the aged, whether somatic or mental, one of the most important antidotes is regular and enough movement. For
alterations in well-being, in contrast to the several months to years of daily dosage required for traditional anti-depressant and anxiolytic medications ( Dutta, 2012 ).
Anthropology may provide an antidote to the
Authors:Miles Richardson, Zaheer Hussain, and Mark D. Griffiths
addiction, but a connectedness with nature should not be simply framed as an antidote. The emerging evidence is that nature connectedness is a key part of a healthy life and planet. However, the present findings showed that a level of smartphone use that
typically used clinically as an antidote to treat patients poisoned by ARs, subsequent to accidental or intended exposures (i.e., suicide attempts, or poisoning of others [ 3 ]. In this context, a rapid analytical method would be invaluable to confirm a
, J.-H. , Seo , M. , & David , P. ( 2015 ). Alleviating depression only to become problematic mobile phone users: Can face-to-face communication be the antidote? Computers in Human Behavior , 51 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015