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Az adaptív és maladaptív perfekcionizmussal együtt járó motivációs mintázatok feltáró vizsgálata

Exploratory Research of Motivational Patterns Related to Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfecionism*

Magyar Pszichológiai Szemle
Authors: Tímea Olajos, Ágnes Hőgye-Nagy, Katalin Héjja-Nagy, and Mária Dávid

Aims

To validate Hewitt and Flett’s Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale and to develop its Hungarian version for the purpose of talent counselling. To map motivational patterns attached to adaptive and mal-adaptive perfectionism, moreover, to uncover dimensions of perfectionism among pupils studying in different educational levels and with a regular or gifted and talented curriculum.

Method

self-report questionnaire study, confirmatory factor analysis, non-parametric statistical tests. Sample: 446 subjects participated in the study. Number of students aged between 16 and 19: 265 (59,4%), from which 123 (27,6% of the total sample) were studying with gifted and talented curriculum; number of higher education students: 181 (40,6%).

Instruments

We used the following self-report questionnaires: Hewitt and Flett’s (1991) Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, Lang and Fries’s (2006) Revised Achievement Motives Scale and Gifted and Talented Self-Definition Motivation Scale (David et al., 2010).

Results

Results of the Hungarian sample are congruent with international standards. Gifted and talented students are characterized by significantly higher level of perfectionism, and gender differences are verified, too. Socially prescribed (maladaptive) perfectionism correlated positively with failure-avoidance and negatively with motivational factors will, persistence and general activity. Self-oriented (adaptive) perfectionism positively correlated with high demand level, success-seeking, and in addition, with motivational factors will, persistence, interest and general activity. Therefore, we verified the different patterns of motivational correlates and differences regarding subscales of perfectionism between subgroups and educational levels as well.

Open access