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A perifériás érbetegség ellátásának változásai a Szegedi Tudományegyetemen
Changes in the care of peripheral vascular disease at the University of Szeged
Introduction and aims
In recent decades health care changes have accelerated enormously. Previously, by learning an effective procedure, the doctor could guarantee his patients the highest level of care for many years. Nowadays, due to the dynamics of development, the renewal cycles of the methods have been shortened, without continuous learning and training, it is already inconceivable to provide the up-to-date care required by patients.
Patients and methods
Instead of vascular replacements with prosthetic grafts, which played an important role in vascular reconstructions, the primacy of endovascular techniques has become decisive. It can be significant for aortic aneurysms that can be operated with high invasiveness. The learning of catheter techniques by vascular surgeons made it possible to treat more successfully those limb-threatening cases, which are often associated with extensive vascular involvement, through the so-called hybrid operations. In addition to the increasing prevalence of diabetes worldwide, the higher proportion of critical limb ischemia and the highlighted pathogenic role of multi-resistant bacteria in the disease caused the marginaliation of the use of previously preferred prosthetic grafts. The effectiveness of the treatment of graft infections, which thus become less frequent, is improved by the use of homografts and negative pressure therapy. An effective method of preventing stroke is carotid endarterectomy, the morbidity of which is reduced by the introduction of locoregional anaesthesia allowing direct neuromonitoring.
Although the acquisition and implementation of new methods has posed a continuous challenge for our specialists and doctors over the past 10 years, our achievements have made our department one of the leading vascular surgery centres in the country.