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Acta Alimentaria
Authors:
M. Aloudat
,
A. Papp
,
N. Magyar
,
L. Simon Sarkadi
, and
A. Lugasi

The purpose of this study was to compare the energy content and macronutrients of forty main popular traditional and modern meals in both Jordan and Hungary with the national and international recommendations. The calculation of energy content and macronutrients were done on traditional and modern recipes by two different softwares (ESHA and NutriComp). Neither Jordanian nor Hungarian foods met the recommended energy content (35% of daily energy intake, 8400 kJ for energy intake). The recipes of both nations are characterised by higher protein, fat, and salt contents than WHO recommendation, a lower fibre content, and sugar content within the recommended limits. The fat energy ratio and saturated fatty acid content of Hungarian recipes are significantly higher than WHO recommendation. In general, Jordanian meals were more likely to meet the inclusion criteria. In conclusion, neither Jordanian nor Hungarian traditional and popular meals meet the international nutritional recommendations for a healthy diet, however, the composition of the real dishes may differ significantly from the recipes depending on the available ingredients and chosen kitchen technology.

Open access

Summary

A sensitive method was developed for the determination of free morphine and codeine in blood. This method is suitable for detection of the ingestion of illicit drugs. This test is applicable for monitoring therapeutic doses as well as stand up in the court of law. For the test we use with deuterium tagged morphine and codeine. We tag the blood specimens with deuterium prior to testing. The active ingredients (morphine and codeine) are extracted by solid phase extraction, and eventually derivatized with pentafluoro propionic anhydride (PFPA). The resulting compounds are stable and have good chromatographic characteristics. The Gas-chromatograph coupled Mass-spectrometer (GC/MS) system is used to determine the concentration of the resulting compounds using or/in the selective ion mode (SIM). The results of the target and qualifier ions were 414, 577, 361 in the case of morphine, and 282, 445 in the case of codeine. During our measurements, the graph was linear between 1 and 100 ng / mL. All the results of the qualifications were in line with the German Standards DIN 32645, which were checked with the B.E.N. program.

Open access