Authors:F. Wang, S. Liu, M. Luo, Y. Qin, P. Lei, Y. Liu, and Y. Liang
The essential oil extracted from Nardostachys chinensis Batal (NCB) was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) combined with two chemometric resolution methods (CRM), heuristic evolving latent projections (HELP), and selective ion analysis (SIA). Qualitative analysis was performed by comparing the obtained pure mass spectra with those in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) mass spectra database. Identification of some compounds was assisted by comparison of programmed temperature retention indices (PTRIs). The quantitative results were obtained by overall volume integration (OVI). A total of 69 compounds in the essential oil of N. chinensis Batal were identified, accounting for 93.98% of the total content. The major compounds were (−)-spathulenol, epiglobulol, trans-longipinocarveol, and patchouli alcohol which contribute to the antimicrobial and antioxidant activity. The results showed that the efficiency and reliability were greatly improved by use of chemometric techniques and programmed temperature retention index as assistants of GC-MS in identification of the plant essential oil.
Authors:W.-Y. Liu, M.-L. Wei, C.-Y. Wu, H.-Y. Zhu, F. Feng, and N. Xie
Patrinia scabra Bunge has long been used in clinic as a traditional Chinese medicine for treating leukemia and cancer and regulating host immune response. Despite their wide use in China, no report on system analysis on their chemical constituents is available so far. The current study was designed to profile the fingerprint of ethyl acetate extract of it, and in addition, to characterize the major fingerprint peaks and determine their quantity. Therefore, a detailed gradient high-performance liquid chromatography was described to separate more than 30 compounds with satisfactory resolution in P. scabra Bunge. Based on the chromatograms of 10 batches samples, a typical high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) fingerprint was established with 23 chromatographic peaks being assigned as common fingerprint peaks. Furthermore, a quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF/MS) was coupled for the characterization of major compound. As (+)-nortrachelogenin was the most predominant compound in P. scabra Bunge, the quantification on it was also carried out with the method being validated. As a result, (+)-nortrachelogenin was found to be from 1.33 to 2.21 mg g−1 in this plant material. This rapid and effective analytical method could be employed for quality assessment of P. scabra Bunge, as well as pharmaceutical products containing this herbal material.
Authors:H. Yang, N. Tan, F. WU, H. Liu, M. Sun, Z. She, and Y. Lin
The uranium(VI) accumulation was studied in detail by using the biomass of mangrove endophytic fungus Fusarium sp.#ZZF51 from the South China Sea. The uranium(VI) biosorption process onto the tested fungus powders was optimized at pH 4.0,
adsorption time 60 min, and uranium(VI) initial concentration 50 mg L−1 with 61.89% of removal efficiency. According to Fourier transform infrared spectra for the tested fungus before and after
loaded with uranium(VI), the results showed that both of hydroxyl and carboxyl groups acted as the important roles in the
adsorption process. In addition, the experimental data were analyzed by using parameter and kinetic models, and it was obtained
that the Langmuir isotherm model and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model provided better correlation with the experimental
data for adsorption of uranium(VI).
Authors:Y. C. Xiao, L. T. Liu, J. J. Bian, C. Q. Yan, L. Ye, M. X. Zhao, Q. S. Huang, W. Wang, K. Liang, Z. F. Shi, and X. Ke
Shuganjieyu (SGJY) capsule is a classical formula widely used in Chinese clinical application. In this paper, an ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization and ion trap mass spectrometry has been established to separate and identify the chemical constituents of SGJY and the multiple constituents of SGJY in rats. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 RRHD column (150 × 2.1 mm, 1.8 μm), while 0.1% formic acid–water and 0.1% formic acid–acetonitrile was used as mobile phase. Mass spectral data were acquired in both positive and negative modes. On the basis of the characteristic retention time (Rt) and mass spectral data with those of reference standards and relevant references, 73 constituents from the SGJY and 15 ingredients including 10 original constituents and 5 metabolites from the rat plasma after oral administration of SGJY were identified or tentatively characterized. This study provided helpful chemical information for further pharmacology and active mechanism research on SGJY.