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Commelina benghalensis (Commelinaceae) is widely used as traditional and folklore medicine in India. In the present study, a reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography—photodiode array detection (RP-HPLC—PDA) method was developed for the separation, identification, and quantification of bioactive phenolics. Antioxidant potential was also accessed to validate the presence of identified markers. Method was developed on C18 column with 1% formic acid (in water) and acetonitrile as solvent system, and data acquisitions were achieved at wavelength of 285 nm. The developed method was also validated for accuracy, precision, robustness, limit of detection and quantification (LOD and LOQ), repeatability, and recovery according to International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines. In this method, five phenolics, viz., protocatechuic acid (0.033%), vanillic acid (0.262%), ferulic acid (0.365%), apigenin (0.126%), and kaempferol (0.544%), were quantified in linearity range of 0.2–1.0 μg with correlation coefficient of more than 0.9949. Relative standard deviation (RSD) (%), LOD, LOQ, and recovery (%) are within the acceptable limit. Besides that, methanolic extract shows the inhibition (%) range from 24.45 to 68.75% at 0.02–0.12 mg mL−1. IC50 of extract was observed at 46.75 μg mL−1, suggesting the promising activity in methanol extract. Hence, the proposed method for simultaneous quantification of five bioactive phenolics in the tuber of C. benghalensis using HPLC–PDA detection under the specified conditions is specific and accurate, and validation proves its selectivity and reproducibility.

Open access
Nanopages
Authors:
S. Talapatra
,
T. Kim
,
B. Q. Wei
,
S. Kar
,
R. Vajtai
,
G. V. S. Sastry
,
M. Shima
,
D. Srivastava
, and
P. M. Ajayan

We report on the room temperature ferromagnetism observed in heat treated nanocrystalline diamonds. By systematic annealing of nanocrystalline diamond, graphitic nanoclusters having finite magnetization with well-defined hysteresis and coercivity, and a Curie temperature (TC) well above 400 K (estimated TC ~ 590 K), were synthesized. Using detailed analysis of the structural modification at various annealing stages, with Raman Spectroscopy and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy, we show that the carbon bonding configuration has important consequence to the observed magnetism in these samples. These findings could lead to controlled fabrication of metal free magnetic carbon system.

Open access