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  • Author or Editor: V. Farkaš x
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Abstract

Tendencies of foodborne outbreaks show that the number of illnesses caused by Campylobacter spp. has been increasing recently in the European Union and in Hungary as well. However, the epidemiological statuses of Member States are diverse. There are several aspects to be investigated by competent authorities before the introduction of interventions. Methods supporting food safety decision making range from quick and easy techniques to complex, resource consuming approaches. The aim of the present study was the implementation of an evaluation and ranking system for a risk and its causes occurring in the broiler production chain. Data and information available in scientific literature were converted to a structured easy-to-use evaluation that supports decision making and helps structured data processing.

Open access

Purpose

Reduced functional mobility is a risk factor for falls. The Timed Up and Go test is a complex measurement tool for functional mobility. Our aims were to assess the functional mobility of: (a) community-living elderly who were participating in an exercise programme (n = 40; mean age = 73.7 years), (b) community-living elderly who were physically inactive (n = 40; mean age = 74.1 years), and (c) institutionalized elderly (n = 40; mean age = 73.5 years) and to compare the results with cut-off values for risk of fall.

Materials and methods

After measuring functional mobility, one-way independent ANOVAs and sample t-tests were used for analysis.

Results

The functional mobility of the active participants was better than that of the inactive (p < .001) and institutionalized participants (p < .001). There was no significant difference between the inactive and institutionalized participants (p = .990). The functional mobility of the active participants was better, whereas the functional mobility of the inactive participants was worse than the cut-off value of 13.5 s for risk of fall for community-living elderly. The functional mobility of the institutionalized participants did not differ from the 15-s reference value for predicting risk of fall.

Conclusion

The results indicate that regular physical activity has a positive effect on maintaining functional mobility among both community-living and institutionalized elderly individuals.

Open access

Abstract

Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue, including involvement of the lungs.

Pulmonary function test was performed in 32 asymptomatic adult Marfan patients using European Community for Coal and Steel (ECCS) and Global Lung Function Initiative (GLI) reference values.

Using GLI equations for reference, significantly lower lung function values were noted for forced vital capacity (FVC) (87.0 ± 16.6% vs. 97.1 ± 16.9%; P < 0.01) and forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) (79.6 ± 18.9% vs. 88.0 ± 19.1%; P < 0.01) predicted compared to ECCS. Obstructive ventilatory pattern was present in 25% of the cases when calculating with GLI lower limit of normal (LLN), and it was significantly more common in men as compared to women (n = 6, 50% vs. n = 2, 10%; P = 0.03).

GLI is more suitable to detect early ventilatory changes including airway obstruction in young patients with special anatomic features, and should be used as a standard way of evaluation in asymptomatic Marfan population.

Open access