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including vitamin D are well known for their health-beneficial properties [ 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 ], a comprehensive literature survey was performed addressing the potential antimicrobial effects of vitamin D with a focus on bacterial

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Politics and literature traditionally developed in a close contact with each other in Hungary. This paper argues that this intimacy had a particular reason: the fact that Latin educational ideals determined the way youth were brought up well into the 20th century. This had an impact on the way politics was understood here, including the fact that parliamentary debates were carried out in Latin well into the early 19th century.And this had a further consequence as well: literature was not viewed simply as an autonomous field of activity, aiming only at aesthetic merits, but as a way to reflect on the fate of the nation. Lawyers had a professional training in rhetoric and therefore they had a familiarity with classical literature, which led many of them towards their own creative writing. And professional writers, too, had no other education than that of the Latin Christian-Humanist model, which made them representatives of the nation, as well as followers of earlier, classical patterns of writing. These features played a major role in the formation of the two heroes of the paper, the poets Dániel Berzsenyi and Ferenc Kölcsey, who had an internal conflict between each other, but who both embodied the type of late humanist political writers, so characteristic of the reform era of this region of Central Europe.

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This paper examines general characteristics of African science from a quantitative ‘scientometric’ perspective. More specifically, that of research outputs of Africa-based authors published in the scientific literature during the years 1980–2004, either within the international journals representing ‘mainstream’ science, or within national and regional journals reflecting ‘indigenous science’. As for the international journals, the findings derived from Thomson Scientific’s Citation Indexes show that while Africa’s share in worldwide science has steadily declined, the share of international co-publications has increased very significantly, whereas low levels of international citation impact persist. A case study of South African journals reveals the existence of several journals that are not processed for these international databases but nonetheless show a distinctive citation impact on international research communities.

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Fanni Rencz, Valentin Brodszky, Péter Varga, József Gajdácsi, Péter Nyirády, and László Gulácsi

Bevezetés: A prosztatarák a férfiak leggyakoribb malignus megbetegedése Európában, amelynek a társadalmi terhe is jelentős. Célkitűzés: Az elmúlt 10 évben megjelent, regisztereken alapuló, prosztatarák betegségterhével foglalkozó közlemények szisztematikus áttekintése és a betegséghez kapcsolódó költségeket meghatározó tényezők elemzése. Módszer: A szerzők Medline-keresést végeztek angol nyelvű folyóiratokban a 2003. január 1. és 2013. október 1. közötti időszakra. Eredmények: Tizenöt peer-reviewed folyóiratban megjelent közlemény került beválogatásra. A fejlett országokban a legnagyobb költségtétel a sugárkezelés, a sebészi kezelés és a hormonális terápia volt. Az egy betegre jutó éves terápiás költség Európában a korai stádiumú (4–7 ezer €, 2006), az Egyesült Államokban pedig a metasztatikus prosztatarák (19,9–25,5 ezer $, 2004) esetén volt magasabb. A terápiás fázisok szempontjából Európában a kezdeti terápia (6,4 ezer €/6 hónap, 2008), az Egyesült Államokban pedig a végstádium (életkortól függően: 62,2–93,4 ezer $, 2010) egy betegre jutó éves költségei voltak magasabbak. Következtetések: Viszonylag kevés szakirodalom áll rendelkezésre a prosztatarák betegségterhével kapcsolatosan Európában. Egyre növekvő népegészségügyi jelentősége ellenére hazánkban nem rendelkezünk ilyen adatokkal. Orv. Hetil., 2014, 155(13), 509–520.

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Lost in the chaos: Flawed literature should not generate new disorders

Commentary on: Chaos and confusion in DSM-5 diagnosis of Internet Gaming Disorder: Issues, concerns, and recommendations for clarity in the field (Kuss et al.)

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Antonius J. Van Rooij and Daniel Kardefelt-Winther

hold up under closer scrutiny. This is evident throughout the existing literature, and inconsistencies have been well documented in a series of critical studies ( Billieux, Schimmenti, Khazaal, Maurage, & Heeren, 2015 ; Clark, 2015 ; Griffiths

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, or connectedness, which can be viewed as one’s self identification with nature ( Forstmann & Sagioglou, 2017 ). There is a substantial body of literature reporting a positive correlation between nature relatedness and a broad range of measures

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, veterinarians, hunters, meat processing and transport workers, butchers and cooks. According to literature data, skin injury in the presence of pig/pork contact was described in 20–25% of the published cases of S. suis infections [ 6 ]. S. suis may directly

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to the US military, less data on STIs in soldiers are available from other countries in the international scientific literature. In Brazilian soldiers, a confirmed syphilis rate of 1.1% [ 12 ] and an HIV rate of 0.1% [ 13 ] have recently been

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Sara M. Van Bonn, Sebastian P. Schraven, Tobias Schuldt, Markus M. Heimesaat, Robert Mlynski, and Philipp C. Warnke

lakes (0.15–0.25%) as well as in the Baltic sea coast (0.8%), whereas the many regions of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea comprise areas with too high levels of salinity (3.5%) [ 32 ]. Table 1. Case reports from the literature of otitis caused by

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Authors: Luca Procaccini, Bruno Consorte, Daniela Gabrielli, Antonietta Cifaratti, and Massimo Caulo


Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) is an uncommon congenital condition, resulting in vascular malformations affecting capillary, venous, and lymphatic systems and bone and/or soft tissue hypertrophy. Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) may be useful in assessing the severity of the disease and for treatment planning. We present two cases of two white men with the typical clinical presentation of Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome i.e. vascular malformations (capillary, venous and lymphatic) and localized bone and/or soft tissues hypertrophy. Splenic hemangiomas were evidenced in both patients and Magnetic Resonance Angiography was helpful in assessing and delineating the abnormal venous drainage system. KTS is a complex disorder whose true prevalence and etiology are still unknown. In most cases the emblematic clinical manifestation consisting in vascular malformations and extremity overgrowth is represented. KTS may be associated with several different conditions including scoliosis and splenic hemangiomas. The presence of the lateral marginal vein (LMV) is pathognomonic. Imaging is fundamental in confirming the diagnosis and for therapeutic strategies. An effective treatment does not exist to date and a multidisciplinary approach is usually required to prevent complications.

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