Authors:Gemma Mestre-Bach, Roser Granero, Trevor Steward, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Marta Baño, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Zaida Agüera, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Laura Moragas, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Carles Soriano-Mas, Juan Francisco Navas, José C. Perales, José M. Menchón, and Susana Jiménez-Murcia
, Fadda, & Fratta, 2014 ), more studies are needed to separately analyze these factors in male and female populations. To our knowledge, no empirical study has explored the effect of personalitytraits and RPS levels on treatment outcome in women with
Authors:Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Roser Granero, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Astrid Müller, Matthias Brand, Teresa Mena-Moreno, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, María Lozano-Madrid, José M. Menchón, and Susana Jiménez-Murcia
, especially in female clinical populations ( Granero, Fernández-Aranda, Steward, et al., 2016 ). In general terms, those cases with both conditions generally have higher psychopathology and more dysfunctional personalitytraits ( del Pino-Gutiérrez et
, reflecting latent factors of impulsive action and impulsive personalitytraits, respectively ( MacKillop et al., 2016 ). Thus, our results demonstrate an association between sleep problems and personalitytraits of impulsiveness, rather than impulsive action
Authors:Gábor Orosz, Mária Benyó, Bernadett Berkes, Edina Nikoletti, Éva Gál, István Tóth-Király, and Beáta Bőthe
-use motivations and general personalitytraits were investigated as potential predictors of problematic Tinder use. In Study 3, general self-esteem, the need-related background, and Tinder-use motivations were examined as predictors of problematic Tinder
mind” (Intento por todos los medios borrar de mi mente los recuerdos dolorosos).
PersonalitytraitsPersonalitytraits were measured through a Spanish adaptation of the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI
-induced mystical experiences appear similar to those following spontaneous mystical experiences ( Griffiths et al., 2011 ).
The mystical-type experiences associated with psilocybin have also been implicated with leading to long-term increases in personality
Authors:Emily Blatchford, Stephen Bright, and Liam Engel
There is increasing evidence that psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy is effective for a range of psychological conditions. There are likely numerous mechanisms of action that contribute to these clinical effects. One such mechanism of action might involve psychedelics increasing levels of empathic functioning. This paper synthesises research concerning the relationship between psychedelics and empathy, emphasising neuroscientific and clinical contexts. We conclude that neuropsychological and clinical evidence imply psychedelics could lead to increased empathic functioning. The effects of psychedelics on the 5-HT system, default mode network, neural connectivity and ego dissolution are implicated in these changes. Changes in empathic functioning also likely relate to increases in the personality trait of openness associated with psychedelic drug use, which is well documented. Increased empathic function likely has clinical implications, leading to increased social connectedness as well as prosocial attitudes and behaviours more broadly.
This commentary supports the argument that there is an increasing tendency to subsume a range of excessive daily behaviors under the rubric of non-substance related behavioral addictions. The concept of behavioral addictions gained momentum in the 1990s with the recent reclassification of pathological gambling as a non-substance behavioral addiction in DSM-5 accelerating this process. The propensity to label a host of normal behaviors carried out to excess as pathological based simply on phenomenological similarities to addictive disorders will ultimately undermine the credibility of behavioral addiction as a valid construct. From a scientific perspective, anecdotal observation followed by the subsequent modification of the wording of existing substance dependence diagnostic criteria, and then searching for biopsychosocial correlates to justify classifying an excessive behavior resulting in harm as an addiction falls far short of accepted taxonomic standards. The differentiation of normal from non-substance addictive behaviors ought to be grounded in sound conceptual, theoretical and empirical methodologies. There are other more parsimonious explanations accounting for such behaviors. Consideration needs to be given to excluding the possibility that excessive behaviors are due to situational environmental/social factors, or symptomatic of an existing affective disorder such as depression or personality traits characteristic of cluster B personalities (namely, impulsivity) rather than the advocating for the establishment of new disorders.
Authors:Reinhardt Melinda, Horváth Zsolt, Tóth László, and Kökönyei Gyöngyi
. European Journal of Psychological Assessment . https://dx.doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000425 . Joshanloo , M. , & Nosratabadi , M. ( 2009 ). Levels of Mental Health Continuum and PersonalityTraits . Social Indicators Research , 90 ( 2 ), 211 – 224