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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Niko Männikkö, Maria Kääriäinen, Mark D. Griffiths, and Daria J. Kuss

detrimental health effects for a small minority of users, including depression, anxiety, stress, worse mood, specific personality disorders, and low self-control ( Cheever, Rosen, Carrier, & Chavez, 2014 ; Jeong et al., 2016 ; Thomée, Härenstam, & Hagberg

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further increase to 2.73 billion by 2021 ( Statista, 2017b ). In light of these number, the minority of gamers is sizeable and of significant public health concern ( Chung et al., 2018 ). A large number of studies have concluded that excessive

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these symptoms are suffered by only a minority population ( Kuss, Griffiths, Karila, & Billieux, 2014 ), a much larger proportion of adults report high engagement with the Internet and some of the early signs of CIU (such as excessive use; Charlton

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Orsolya Király, Mark D. Griffiths, Daniel L. King, Hae-Kook Lee, Seung-Yup Lee, Fanni Bányai, Ágnes Zsila, Zsofia K. Takacs, and Zsolt Demetrovics

, similar to other highly rewarding activities, a minority of gamers pursue the activity in such an excessive manner that it leads to negative life consequences (i.e., impaired interpersonal relationships, decrease in work or educational performance

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Minority Psychology , 12 ( 2 ), 367 – 375 . https://doi.org/10.1037/1099-9809.12.2.367 . 10.1037/1099-9809.12.2.367 Baumgartner , C. , Bilevicius , E. , Khazaal , Y. , Achab , S. , Schaaf , S. , Wenger , A. , ( 2019 ). Efficacy of a web

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The paper analyzes ethnic data collection pertaining to criminal justice in Hungary. It shows that Hungary's approach to resist ethnic data collection by law enforcement authorities is not a good policy and it causes severe constitutional problems in other, non-criminal legal circumstances, where ethnic data is used in the context of additional rights and affirmative protection provided for ethno-national minorities. The paper follows a twofold analysis. First, it sets forth general problems relating to ethnic data collection, including a brief analysis of a uniquely Hungarian constitutional institution, the minority self-govern­ment structure. The focus of scrutiny then shifts to the criminal justice system, in particular the analysis of policing of racially motivated crime, and the question of police ethnic profiling.    

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Treating people as equals is one of the main aims of constitutional democracies. Numerous examples prove the adverse effects if a state violates the equality principles relating to ethnic minorities and religious groups. Here is a lesson from Hungary. The Hungarian Constitutional Court (hereinafter: HCC) is not engaged in adjudicating concrete ‘cases and controversies’, but seemingly reviews the constitutionality of laws. The Constitution lays down the fundamental tenets relating to religious groups, churches, ethnic minorities and the principles of equality in general. Thus, the question is how the problems of religions and minorities are reflected in the constitutional case-law.The main theses of this article are following. First, based on historical facts the HCC provides preferential treatment for so-called historical churches. Second, in cases involving Roma the HCC does not consider the historical facts and social reality thus, the discrimination of Roma does not appear in the jurisprudence. Third, the unequal protection of churches and Roma by the state results in advantages being provided where the constitutional reasons of preferential treatment are absent while the state remains inactive where the promotion of the principles of equality would be most necessary.

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Police ethnic profiling in Hungary — An empirical research

Ideals of systemicity and axiomatisability between Utopianism and Heuristic assertion

Acta Juridica Hungarica
Authors: András Kádár and András Pap

Profiling by law enforcement agencies has become one of the most widely researched and debated questions in legal discussions relating to ethnic and racial discrimination in the criminal justice system. This research report highlights the findings of a recent pilot research project organized by the Hungarian Helsinki Committee that focused on police stop and search practices and their discriminatory effects on Hungary’s largest ethnic minority, the Roma. As part of the research, for the first time in Hungary, broad-spectrum data collection on the ethnic aspects and general efficiency of ID checks has been conducted.

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In 2014 there were three elections in Hungary: the election of Members of Parliaments, the election of members of the European Parliament, furthermore, the elections of representatives and mayors of municipalities and of representatives of national minority local self-governments. The Hungarian Parliament passed a new act on electoral procedure in 2013 and we have had a new Criminal Code since 2012. This study examines a new legal institution, the recommendation sheets, which raise many questions, including criminal liability. The main theme of the study is the misuses related to recommendation sheets.

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Introduction

Renal leiomyosarcoma is a rare entity in the world and its understanding is based on reports and various cases; however, the prognosis is bleak for its malignant potential and an average survival of 18 months.

Clinical case

A 54-year-old woman with a clinical picture of 6 months of pain in the right flank and a tomographic image of a bilateral renal lesion underwent right radical nephrectomy and left conservative surgery. The definitive histopathological study reported right primary renal leiomyosarcoma with left metastasis.

Conclusion

Renal leiomyosarcoma is an entity of low incidence and high mortality; however, our case represents the minority of patients with contralateral kidney metastasis reported in the literature.

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