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management perspective ,” in 2016 IEEE congress on evolutionary computation (CEC) . IEEE , 2016 . [9] L. Török , “ The importance of digitalization and robotization in vehicle production in the European Union ,” Int. Rev. Appl. Sci. Eng. , 2022 . [10

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) Data Capture Data in context becoming information (Mass production & industrialization) Information plus insight becomes knowledge (Production line) Knowledge plus foresight or intuition becomes intelligence (Computers and Robotics) Intelligence in the

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actuator ,” in 2018 3rd International Conference on Control and Robotics Engineering (ICCRE) , Nagoya, Japan , 2018 , pp. 274 – 279 . https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCRE.2018.8376479 . [10] M. Damircheli and B. Eslami , “ Design of V-shaped cantilevers

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Abstract

This paper deals with the disturbance rejection, parameter uncertainty cancelation, and the closed-loop stabilization of the water level of the four-tank nonlinear system. For the four-tank system with relative degree one, a new structure of the active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) has been presented by incorporating a tracking differentiator (TD) in the control unit to obtain the derivate of the tracking error. Thus, the nonlinear-PD control together with the TD serves as a new nonlinear state error feedback. Moreover, a sliding mode extended state observer is presented in the feedback loop to estimate the system's state and the total disturbance. The proposed scheme has been compared with several control schemes including linear and nonlinear versions of ADRC techniques. Finally, the simulation results show that the proposed scheme achieves excellent results in terms of disturbance elimination and output tracking as compared to other conventional schemes. It was able to control the water levels in the two lower tanks to their desired value and exhibits excellent performance in terms of Integral Time Absolute Error (ITAE) and Objective Performance Index (OPI).

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hybrid system becomes stable and has zero dynamics. The controllers are modeled by utilizing the adaptive control methods [ 23 ]. In the robotic application as well as the semi-active suspension system, the sliding mode control (SMC) is utilized to make

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. Depending on the area and ecological features, this can achieve savings of up to 70–80% in the case of plant protection agents and chemicals, but robot steering (automatic guidance) and the section management of the working machine (automatic section control

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the most well-liked drinks right now due to the health and nutrition claims ( Plasek et al., 2021 ). Vending machines now provide shakes, hot soups, and smoothies. As food robotic technology is developing, vending machines increasingly become small

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Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Authors:
Miklós Neményi
,
Attila J. Kovács
,
Judit Oláh
,
József Popp
,
Edina Erdei
,
Endre Harsányi
,
Bálint Ambrus
,
Gergely Teschner
, and
Anikó Nyéki

acquisition of tractors and other agricultural machines and devices, and robots (UGVs: Unmanned Ground Vehicles) with accurate positioning (GPS, RTK: Real Time Kinematic, Lidar). The WSN (Wireless Sensor Network) is a wireless network of spatially distributed

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International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering
Authors:
Ayad Q. Al-Dujaili
,
Amjad J. Humaidi
,
Daniel Augusto Pereira
, and
Ibraheem Kasim Ibraheem

based robust controller for ball and beam system ,” in 2016 IEEE International Symposium on Robotics and Intelligent Sensors (IRIS) , 17–20 Dec. 2016 . [2] M. Ding , B. Liu , and L. Wang , “ Position control for ball and beam system based on

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. [18] Lőfberg J. , YALMIP: A toolbox for modeling and optimization in MATLAB , IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation , New Orleans, LA

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