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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: F. Békés, K. Ács, Gy. Gell, Cs. Lantos, A-M. Kovács, Zs. Birinyi, and J. Pauk

Consumption of “gluten-containing” diet causes disease for a significant minority of people who consume foods derived from wheat, rye, barley, and possibly oat. The fact is, however, that in several types of diseases related to the consumption of “gluten-containing” cereals, the trigger compounds are not components of gluten. The current view of medical experts is that, excluding people suffering from celiac disease, the majority of individuals who are feeling better on the “wheat-free” or “gluten-free” diet could select a food containing much healthier, low level of fermentable oligosaccharides (often called as FODMAP). To satisfy the specific health related demands of certain consumer groups, the challenge is in front of cereal breeding to develop new, “healthier” germplasms, suitable to produce such products by the food industry. This report aims to give an overview of some aspects of recent developments in this booming area, (i) summarizing the up-to-date knowledge on cereals-related health disorders; (ii) reporting on the status of developing celiac-safe cereals, and finally (iii) highlighting the potential of developing “healthier” spelt-based cereal products through the progress in an ongoing spelt breeding program.

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Acta Linguistica Academica
Authors: Timofey Arkhangelskiy, Natalia Serdobolskaya, and Maria Usacheva

Beserman Udmurt documentation project is a long-term undertaking aimed primarily at collecting lexicographic and corpus data in the field. During our work on the project, we developed a pipeline for collecting, annotating and publishing our data. In this paper, we describe this pipeline and present the online web interface we developed for providing public access to Beserman materials. We use TLex lexicographic software for working on the dictionary and Fieldworks FLEX for annotating the corpus. After the data have been annotated, they are exported to XML and stored in the online web interface, where these two types of data become interconnected and searchable. We propose solutions to challenges that arise in projects of such kind and reflect on various constraints imposed on lexicographic databases being developed in long-term projects aimed at description of underresourced languages. We suggest that the proposed pipeline and the web interface we developed could be employed by similar projects dealing with other minority languages. The web interface based on the database and a corpus of oral Beserman texts is available online at

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To evaluate the automated cartridge-based PCR approach ARIES SARS-CoV-2 Assay targeting the ORF-sequence and the N-gene of SARS-CoV-2.


In line with the suggestions by Rabenau and colleagues, the automated ARIES SARS-CoV-2 Assay was challenged with strongly positive samples, weakly positive samples and negative samples. Further, intra-assay and inter-assay precision as well as the limit-of-detection (lod) were defined with quantified target RNA and DNA. The Cepheid Xpert Xpress SARS-Cov-2 Assay was used as gold standard.


Concordance between the ARIES assay and the Cepheid assay was 100% for strongly positive samples and for negative samples, respectively. For weakly positive samples as confirmed applying the Cepheid assay, a relevant minority of 4 out of 15 samples (26.7%) went undetected by the ARIES assay. Intra- and inter-assay precision were satisfactory, while the lod was in the 103 DNA copies/reaction-range, in the 103 virus copies/reaction-range, or in the 103–104 free RNA copies/reaction-range in our hands.


The automated ARIES assay shows comparable test characteristics as the Cepheid assay focusing on strongly positive and negative samples but a slightly reduced sensitivity with weakly positive samples. Decisions on diagnostic use should include considerations on the lod.

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. 5 Ogbu, J. U. (1978) Minority Education and Caste: The American System in Cross Cultural Perspective . New York, Academic Press. 6 Ogbu, J. U. (1983) Minority

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A diverticulosis a nyugati lakosságban az egyik leggyakoribb gastrointestinalis kórkép, amely 70 éves kor felett a lakosság több mint 50%-ában kimutatható. Tünetek az érintettek egynegyedében alakulnak ki, egyharmadukban szövődményekkel. A diagnózis ma legtöbbször kolonoszkópiával történik, a szövődmények közül a diverticulitisben a legfontosabb diagnosztikus módszer a hasi CT, vérzésben a kolonoszkópia, súlyos esetekben az angiográfia. A tünetekkel járó, szövődménymentes diverticularis betegség kezelésében előrehaladást jelentett a fel nem szívódó antibiotikumok és az 5-aminoszalicilátok adása. A szövődménymentes diverticulitis kezelésének legfontosabb eleme a széles spektrumú antibiotikumok adása, míg a szövődményes esetek nagyobb hányada sebészi kezelést igényel. A konzervatív kezelés, az endoszkópos és az invazív radiológiai módszerek fejlődésével csökken a sürgős műtétre szoruló betegek aránya, és az elektív műtéti indikációja is változik. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 205–213.

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Sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS) are incessant non-tariff barriers (NTBs) to trade in both intra and extra-African trade. New SPS measures are now set up in the African Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) that amalgamate three existing regional economic communities (RECs): The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the South African Development Community (SADC), and the East African Community (EAC).

This article compares and contrasts the SPS measures obligations as set out in Annex 15 of the TFTA to the WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement). Additionally, the application of ‘abusive SPS measures based on minority science’ as non-tariff trade barriers to both internal and external African trade especially on agricultural products is analysed. An increase in transparency and accountability in the formulation of NTBs monitoring mechanisms in the COMESA, SADC, and EAC would address this ever present problem. The TFTA in Annex 15 is a case of SPS-Minus as it has a number of serious shortcomings including the lack of important obligations of sufficient risk assessment, non-discrimination, equivalence, the precautionary principle, and specific reference to consultations and dispute settlement. Notwithstanding these omissions, the TFTA has the potential for great achievement in the curbing of NTBs generally and unjustified SPS measures specifically because of the monitoring, transparency, and harmonisation obligations. If the Tripartite mandate, however, turns out to be like most other ‘loose’ integration efforts in Africa, then there is reason to believe that the NTB monitoring and reporting mechanism is not going to bear much fruit.

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A vizsgálatsorozatot egy budapesti középiskolában 2016 és 2019 között végeztük, kvantitatív és kvalitatív módszerekre támaszkodva. Innovatív kutatásunkban a Haver Alapítvány foglalkozássorozatának hatását vizsgáljuk, a középiskolás korosztály attitűdváltozására és a zsidókkal kapcsolatos ismereteire. A hatásvizsgálat módszertani alapja a kontrollált kísérleti elrendezés, amelynek lényege egyrészt a diákok attitűdjeinek és ismereteinek előzetes (pre-) és utólagos (poszt-) mérése, illetve a kísérleti csoportok (A, C, D osztályok) mellett egy kontrollcsoport bevonása a vizsgálatba (B osztály), akik nem vettek részt a foglalkozásokon. Tisztában vagyunk azzal, hogy rövid idő alatt (néhány hónap) és egy foglalkozás hatására nem várható lényeges elmozdulás egyik dimenzióban sem (attitűd és ismeretek), éppen ezért különböző, „jól célzott” foglalkozásokkal és többszöri méréssel vizsgáljuk a diákok általában a kisebbségekkel és konkrétabban a zsidósággal kapcsolatos nézeteit. Jelen tanulmányban az első két kutatási hullám legfontosabb kvantitatív és kvalitatív eredményeit tekintjük át.

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life of minorities and disabled children through seeing those issues from their angle and tackling their viewpoints. In this precious book, the author tried to see through the eyes of the disabled, minority, and marginalized children, who are

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Langman, Juliet. 2006. Review of Anna Fenyvesi (ed.) 2005: Hungarian language contact outside Hungary: Studies on Hungarian as a minority language, Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. Estudios de Sociolingüística 7. 105

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Pollack Periodica
Authors: Péter Kovács, Balázs Kósa, and Tamás Molnár

References [1] Tóth P. P. Immigration to Hungary - Minority research books , (in

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