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Abstract

A set of simple and complex indicators is used to measure the economic condition of economies, and the analysis can be conducted in a static or dynamic approach. This article proposes the author's macroeconomic condition index (MCI), which is based on the popular misery index, supplementing the unemployment and inflation rates with two variables: GDP growth rate and budget deficit. The aim of the study is to assess the macroeconomic situation of Poland against the average for the EU, using the above-mentioned measure. The time scope of the study covers the years 2011–2020, with particular emphasis on the effects of the first year of the Covid crisis. The results indicate that throughout the period the economic situation in Poland in terms of the four variables combined was relatively favourable, although less stable. A sharp downturn occurred in 2020, both domestically and on average in the EU. The main determinants of the worse condition were a decline in the GDP growth rate and an increase in the budget deficit, with relatively steady unemployment and inflation.

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complexes in the lanthanide series. Experimental Preparation of Ln 2 (C 12 H 6 O 4 ) 3 · n H 2 O Due to insolubility of 2,3-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid in water, we prepared its ammonium salt (pH = 5.8) to

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Acta Chromatographica
Authors:
Yuping Shen
,
Minhui Xu
,
Peipei Deng
,
Qinying Gu
,
Huawu Yin
,
Guohua Xia
,
Xiaobin Jia
,
Huan Yang
, and
James Tam

prepared sample solution was injected immediately and then loaded after being stored at room temperature under shade for 2 h, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h, 24 h, 36 h, and 48 h. Then, the RSDs of their peak areas of were calculated

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-NMR (500 MHz, CDCl 3 ) δ 8.43 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H, 5-H), 7.64 (t, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H, 7-H), 7.49 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 1H, 8-H), 7.36 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 1H, 6-H), 6.21 (s, 1H, 3-H), 5.42–5.26 (m, 4H, 6′, 7′, 9′ 10′-H), 3.72 (s, 3H, N-CH 3 ), 2.76 (t, J = 5

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four new compound is successfully ended. Finally elemental analysis confirms these four structures: compound 1 Anal. Calcd for C 21 H 24 N 4 O 3 : C, 66.30; H, 6.36; N, 14.73. Found: C, 66.39; H, 6.33; N, 14.37, compound 2 : Anal. Calcd for C

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-hydroxyflavonone 1 , C 15 H 10 O 4 , 1 H NMR (500 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.73 (1H, d, J  = 8.7 Hz, H-4), 7.49 (2H, d, J  = 7.5 Hz, H-2′,6′), 7.40 (2H, t, J  = 7.5 Hz, H-3′, 5′), 7.35 (1H, d, J  = 7.5 Hz, H-4′), 6.51 (1H, dd, J  = 8.7,1.6 Hz, H-6), 6.39 (1H, d, J

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) with their peak at m/e 511. The species (c) further degrades with the subsequent loss of –C 4 H 3 species forming species (d) with their peak at m/e 460. The species (d) further degrades with the subsequent loss of –C 3 H 6 species forming species

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New Zealand L. scoparium Commercial H2 Manuka UMF +12 “ L. scoparium Commercial H3 Manuka UMF +15 “ L. scoparium Commercial H4 Manuka UMF +20 “ L. scoparium Commercial Unifloral H5 Sunflower Kırklareli/ Helianthus annuus Turkey honeys H6 Sunflower

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O (18 Da) between the 2″-hydroxyl group of the sugar and the 5 or 7-hydroxyl group of the aglycone. The fragment ions at m / z 357.0694 ( 0,3 X 0 − ), m / z 327.0585 ( 0,2 X 0 − ), and m / z 297.0468 ( 0,1 X 0 − ) indicate the losses of C 3 H 6

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