INTRODUCTION A knowledge of biodiversity — the plants, animals, and fungi living in the wild — has always been indispensable for the efficient use of resources in farming communities and for sustainable lifestyles throughout generations (Berkes 2012
–IV. [The annonated dictionary of the Azerbaijani language] Bakı : Şərq Qərb . Cansdale , George Soper 1970 . Animals of Bible Lands . Exeter : Paternoster . CC = Grønbech , Kaare 1942 . Romanisches Wörterbuch, Türkischer Wortindex zu Codex
Authors:Beáta Tugya, Katalin Náfrádi, Sándor Gulyás, Tünde Törőcsik, Balázs Pál Sümegi, Péter Pomázi, and Pál Sümegi
reference book of Greguss 1945 , Greguss 1972 and Schweingruber 1990 and the web-based identification work of schoch et al. 2004 . Archaeozoological analysis A large volume of bones, more than 6000 pieces of animal bones occurred from ten
Authors:Erika Gál, László Daróczi-Szabó, and Márta Daróczi-Szabó
late medieval (14 th –15 th century) period were the best represented at Debrecen-Tócó-part as well. 1 Fig. 1 The location of main sites mentioned in the paper Owing to the archaeozoological analyses, thousands of animal bones have been identified from
In Latvian folklore, the Devil is a relatively common image, represented in all the genres. This paper analyses the verbal charms that mention the Devil or Thunder together with the motif of pursuing the Devil. The corpus of charms consists of texts taken from the first systematic collection of Latvian charms, published in 1881. Examples of charms are accompanied by a comparative analysis of folk legends and beliefs. There are correspondences in charms, legends and beliefs regarding the appearance and traits of the Devil as well as his activities and dwelling places. These genres also share the motif of pursuing the Devil. Texts from different genres complement each other by providing missing narrative fragments and aspects of meaning. In the legends and charms, black and red dominate in the Devil’s appearance, and the Devil can also appear in the form of animals. The Devil’s activities and presence are linked with the origins of evil and associated with a variety of diseases which, like the Devil himself, are overcome by similar techniques. These legends and beliefs help us understand the similarities expressed in the charms, deepen and expand the semantics of the images, and explain the associative links and anchoring of specific actions in the broader folklore material. The plot and length of texts in charms are determined by the specific style, structure, and function of this genre. Therefore, content is not expanded in detail; instead, only key figures or images, the foundation of the plot, and its most important elements are mentioned. The comparative material found in legends and beliefs provides more in-depth explanation of the concise messages expressed in the charms.
– Rabinowitz , Alexander (transl.) 1949 Timotheus of Gaza on Animals. Fragments of a Byzantine Paraphrase of an Animal-Book of the 5th century A.D. Collection de travaux de l’Académie internationale d’histoire des sciences 3 . Paris – Leiden . Braun
pre-scratching, but of drawing the surface of the plate full of definite and deep engraved lines. The drawing, on the other hand, is indeed quite rough. On the fragmentary mounting, as on the plate of Nemeske, the stabbed animal has the worst shape, so
agreement, Vata nouns fall into two classes.
Class 1 contains all human nouns and a small set of nouns referring to animals. Class 2 contains all remaining nouns, including all animals that do not fall into Class 1. It seems
declined, followed by pig breeding for own consumption, and in the last step, farming was completely abandoned.
However, for a small part of the population, agriculture and animal husbandry remain the only source of income and livelihood. As