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, J.-H. , Seo , M. , & David , P. ( 2015 ). Alleviating depression only to become problematic mobile phone users: Can face-to-face communication be the antidote? Computers in Human Behavior , 51 .

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In the last five years, scientific interest into the potential applications of Buddhist-derived interventions (BDIs) for the treatment of problem gambling has been growing. This paper reviews current directions, proposes conceptual applications, and discusses integration issues relating to the utilisation of BDIs as problem gambling treatments.


Aliterature search and evaluation of the empirical literature for BDIs as problem gambling treatments was undertaken.


To date, research has been limited to cross-sectional studies and clinical case studies and findings indicate that Buddhist-derived mindfulness practices have the potential to play an important role in ameliorating problem gambling symptomatology. As an adjunct to mindfulness, other Buddhist-derived practices are also of interest including: (i) insight meditation techniques (e.g., meditation on ‘emptiness’) to overcome avoidance and dissociation strategies, (ii) ‘antidotes’ (e.g., patience, impermanence, etc.) to attenuate impulsivity and salience-related issues, (iii) loving-kindness and compassion meditation to foster positive thinking and reduce conflict, and (iv) ‘middle-way’ principles and ‘bliss-substitution’ to reduce relapse and temper withdrawal symptoms. In addition to an absence of controlled treatment studies, the successful operationalisation of BDIs as effective treatments for problem gambling may be impeded by issues such as a deficiency of suitably experienced BDI clinicians, and the poor provision by service providers of both BDIs and dedicated gambling interventions.


Preliminary findings for BDIs as problem gambling treatments are promising, however, further research is required.

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alterations in well-being, in contrast to the several months to years of daily dosage required for traditional anti-depressant and anxiolytic medications ( Dutta, 2012 ). Future Directions Anthropology may provide an antidote to the

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addiction, but a connectedness with nature should not be simply framed as an antidote. The emerging evidence is that nature connectedness is a key part of a healthy life and planet. However, the present findings showed that a level of smartphone use that

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ACH inhibition activity of α-pinene may be one of many neuroprotective synergies. Techniques mitigating the negative effects of drugs were known to the ancients; Pliny recommends pine-nuts, which also contain α-pinene, as an antidote to the effects of

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