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. Aust Vet J 78 , 549 – 559 ( 2000 ) 7. Johns IC , Adams EL : Trends in antimicrobial resistance in equine bacterial isolates: 1999–2012 . Vet

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to summarize present knowledge on antimicrobial resistance in G. duodenalis as well as to highlight the way ahead with focus on therapeutic alternatives. Methods A selective literature research based on the search words “ Giardia ” and “resistance

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European Journal of Microbiology and Immunology
Authors: Abdelaziz Ed-Dra, Fouzia Rhazi Filali, Slimane Khayi, Said Oulghazi, Brahim Bouchrif, Abdellah El Allaoui, Bouchra Ouhmidou, and Mohieddine Moumni

phylogenetic relationship, (ii) to study the distribution of 6 virulence genes among the isolated strains, and (iii) to assess their antimicrobial resistance using 26 antibiotics. Materials and Methods Isolation

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antimicrobial resistance that poses a considerable threat in human and veterinary hospitals ( van der Kolk et al., 2019 ). Besides proper personal hygiene as well as equipment and environmental cleaning and disinfection, the active surveillance of pathogens in

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Bacterial antimicrobial resistance mediated by the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) is considered a major threat for treatment of Salmonella and Shigella infections. This study aimed to investigate antibiotic resistance patterns of Salmonella and Shigella spp. and presence of CTX-M from three teaching hospitals in Iran. In the present study, 58 clinical Shigella and 91 Salmonella isolates were recovered between 2009 and 2013 from 3 teaching hospitals in Iran. After culture and antimicrobial susceptibility testing, ESBL-positive isolates were subjected to further investigations. These included polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and DNA sequencing of bla CTX-M-15 encoding plasmid. In both genera, high sensitivity to gentamicin and amikacin, but high resistance to ampicillin, tetracycline, and trimethoprim—sulfamethoxazole, was found. Molecular investigation showed that 31.8% isolates of Salmonella spp. and 34.48% isolates of Shigella spp. were CTX-M positive and all of them were also positive for ISEcpI. Protein translation, comparing with reference sequences, showed that all CTX-M isolates belong to CTX-M-15. The present study suggests that the resistance of ESBLs-producing Salmonella and Shigella spp. in Iran hospitals is very serious. Therefore, strategies to minimize the spread of ESBL-producing isolates should be implemented.

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failure; moreover, they can be a source of antimicrobial resistance genes for other bacteria. For this reason, the antimicrobial sensitivity test is essential in determining an appropriate antibiotic therapy that, anyway, should be accompanied by the

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Introduction Current situation Emerging antimicrobial resistance of bacterial strains constitutes a worldwide major threat to mankind [ 1 ]. Lately, the race between the development of novel antibiotics and the progressive emergence of multi

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Orvosi Hetilap
Authors: Éva Nemes-Nikodém, Alexandra Brunner, Béla Tóth, Veronika Tóth, András Bánvölgyi, and Eszter Ostorházi

World Health Organization (WHO), Department of Reproductive Health and Research: Global action plan to control the spread and impact of antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. WHO, Geneva, 2012, 1

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://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/last-line-antibiotics-are-failing-options-address-urgent-threat-patients-and [accessed: July 15, 2019]. 3 World Health Organization. Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance. WHO, Geneva, 2014; pp. 1–256. Available from: http

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. , Olsen , K. , Chander , Y. and Goyal , S. M. (2003b): Antimicrobial resistance in bacterial pathogens isolated from turkeys in Minnesota from 1998 to 2002 . Int. J. Appl. Res. Vet. Med . 14 , 506 – 3

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