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Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Authors: Anna Visy, Karina Ilona Hidas, Annamária Barkó, Lien Le Phuong Nguyen, László Friedrich, and Gábor Jónás

with beech wood at about 27 °C. The smoking was followed by ageing for 35 days (12 °C, 75% RH). During the experiment, the NaCl content, color, water activity, denaturation temperature and enthalpy (differential scanning calorimetry) were measured on

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period up to 21 days was necessary for the sponge cakes investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), because no retrogradation transition was registered up to the sixth day. The humidity and the temperature were kept constant in desiccator

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Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Authors: Karina Ilona Hidas, Csaba Németh, Anna Visy, Adrienn Tóth, László Ferenc Friedrich, and Ildikó Csilla Nyulas-Zeke

rheological properties becoming pseudoplastic during frozen storage. During their studies, they noticed an increase in the viscosity due to frozen storage. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) is a thermo-analytical method, which is used to examine

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Acta Alimentaria
Authors: I. Cioffi, L. Santarpia, A. Vaccaro, M. Naccarato, R. Iacone, M. Marra, F. Contaldo, and F. Pasanisi

The interest in gluten-free (GF) diet has greatly increased also in people without celiac disease (CD). This pilot study aimed to investigate the postprandial effect of GF-pasta, made by using the pasta-making process applied to artisan wheat pasta, on palatability, appetite sensation, and glucose metabolism in 8 healthy volunteers. Two iso-caloric lunch-meals consisting of: 1) gluten-free pasta (GFP) and 2) refined wheat pasta (RP) were compared in cross-over design. Both subjective appetite, assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS), and blood sample were taken before meal and at half-hour intervals for 4 hours. Palatability was evaluated immediately after the meal-test by VAS. All participants underwent pre- and postprandial energy expenditure (EE) measured by indirect calorimetry. We found that subjective palatability did not significantly differ between meals. Similarly, repeated measures ANOVA showed that GFP did not affect appetite ratings, postprandial glucose, and insulin responses compared to RP. Then, postprandial EE was affected by time (P=0.006), increasing at 60 min, but not by meals. In conclusion, artisanal GFP was as palatable as RP pasta, without affecting perceived satiety and postprandial glycaemia compared to RP in healthy subjects. Clearly, GFP results are preliminary and need to be investigated in larger studies.

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Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences
Authors: Emna Ayari, Csaba Németh, Karina Ilona Hidas, Adrienn Tóth, Dávid Láng, and László Friedrich

Abstract

Starting from mechanical revolution, each day new methods and new equipment have emerged. Today, the Ultra Heat Treatment (UHT) is one of the important technologies that permits to the industry to reduce processing time while maintaining the same quality of the products. Egg and egg products are known as heat-sensitive products, so the UHT enables us to preserve their qualities after a heat treatment.

Our aim is to study the effect of UHT treatment (approximately 67 °C for 190 s) on the Liquid Egg Yolk (LEY). For twenty-one days, the color and the apparent viscosity were measured every seven days, we also studied the damage of protein using DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry).

Comparing the two graphs of DSC, the denaturation of protein is distinct. The endothermic peak decreased. This could be seen also on the rheological curves. The apparent viscosity is diminished from 231 mPa.s on the 1st day of storage to 224 mPa.s on 21st day. However, the treated LEY could be stored for longer period than the raw LEY.

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. After baking the cakes cooled down for 2 h, placed in plastic bags and stored at room temperature at different storage times (0, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120 and 150 h). Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) Analysis (DSC 204 F1 Phoenix NETZSCH-Gerätebau GmbH

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. , and El harfi , K. ( 2015 ). Thermochemical treatment of olive mill solid waste and olive mill wastewater: kinetic study . Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry

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. HP-β-CD/amylose complex was detected by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and this complex was shown to stabilise amylose against molecular-weight decrease upon storage ( Gunaratne et al., 2010 ). Formation of amylose/β-CD/lipid ternary complex

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