in intensive pig farming. Air contaminants, especially endotoxins, are also potential underlying causes affecting the respiratory tract. As a part of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, endotoxin plays an indisputable role in the development
-derived products identifiable in the systemic circulation, bacterial endotoxin [i.e., lipopolysaccharide (LPS)], and gut metabolites [e.g., p-cresyl sulfate and trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO)] have been extensively studied for their immunostimulatory and atherogenic
treatment that the bacteria have undergone during production.
Bacterial LPS, also known as endotoxin, has been described in association with a number of diseases, including liver damage [ 1 ], neurological degeneration (Parkinson's disease and
Authors:József Ongrádi, Valéria Kövesdi, and G. Péter Medveczky
Younes, S. A., Csire, M., Palyi, B. és mtsai:
Endotoxins do not influence transplacental transmission of lymphotropic human herpesviruses and human papillomaviruses into amniotic fluid taken from healthy mothers before parturition. Acta Microbiol. et