Authors:Madison Stange, Alexander C. Walker, Derek J. Koehler, Jonathan A. Fugelsang, and Mike J. Dixon
, suggest that the relationship between problem gambling and scratch card play warrants further exploration.
One other area of gambling research that remains understudied is the influence of individualdifferences in thinking style, which may play a
Authors:István Tóth-Király, Beáta Bőthe, and Gábor Orosz
( Mudrack, 2004 ), or self-esteem ( Burke, 2004 ) (see the meta-analytic study of Clark, Michel, Zhdanova, Pui, & Baltes, 2016 ). These studies support the notion that there are some individualdifferences that might predispose one toward WA. Still, there
Authors:Davide Marengo, Cornelia Sindermann, Daniela Häckel, Michele Settanni, Jon D. Elhai, and Christian Montag
behavior ( Billieux, Schimmenti, Khazaal, Maurage, & Heeren, 2015 ). Therefore, we explicitly state that most studies in the field clearly investigated individualdifferences in the tendencies towards SmUD (on a subclinical level). Nevertheless, we use the
Authors:Belinda C. Goodwin, Matthew Browne, Matthew Rockloff, and Natalie Loxton
) defined the construct in terms of individualdifferences in sensitivity and approach to reward, whereas other definitions of impulsivity describe rash unplanned behavior, risk taking, and novelty seeking ( Cloninger, 1987 ; Eysenck & Eysenck, 1991
(“ignorer” subgroup) not only totally ignored humans’ command but they were completely insensitive to the presence of familiar and unfamiliar humans showing different visual attention. This is so because individualdifferences in dogs’ reward responsiveness
of the aforementioned processes is automatic and does not require attention or conscious effort. To some extent, we are also able to sense the position of joints and muscle tone consciously ( 7 ); however, there are considerable individualdifferences
Authors:Fatih Canan, Servet Karaca, Melike Düzgün, Ayşe Merve Erdem, Esranur Karaçaylı, Nur Begüm Topan, Sang-Kyu Lee, Zu Wei Zhai, Murat Kuloğlu, and Marc N. Potenza
; Medland et al., 2010 ; Paul et al., 2006 ; Voracek & Dressler, 2007 , 2009 ). Thus, individualdifferences in terms of 2D:4D ratios may reflect genetic factors as well as in utero testosterone levels. Third, we assessed PPIU by use of a standardized
Authors:Bao-Zhu Yang, Iris M. Balodis, Cheryl M. Lacadie, Jiansong Xu, and Marc N. Potenza
Zald , D. H.
( 2012 ). Dopaminergic mechanisms of individualdifferences in human effort-based decision-making . Journal of Neuroscience, 32 ( 18 ), 6170 – 6176 . doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6459-11.2012 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6459