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, suggest that the relationship between problem gambling and scratch card play warrants further exploration. One other area of gambling research that remains understudied is the influence of individual differences in thinking style, which may play a

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Seeing the forest through different trees: A social psychological perspective of work addiction

Commentary on: Ten myths about work addiction (Griffiths et al., 2018)

Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: István Tóth-Király, Beáta Bőthe, and Gábor Orosz

( Mudrack, 2004 ), or self-esteem ( Burke, 2004 ) (see the meta-analytic study of Clark, Michel, Zhdanova, Pui, & Baltes, 2016 ). These studies support the notion that there are some individual differences that might predispose one toward WA. Still, there

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Davide Marengo, Cornelia Sindermann, Daniela Häckel, Michele Settanni, Jon D. Elhai, and Christian Montag

behavior ( Billieux, Schimmenti, Khazaal, Maurage, & Heeren, 2015 ). Therefore, we explicitly state that most studies in the field clearly investigated individual differences in the tendencies towards SmUD (on a subclinical level). Nevertheless, we use the

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) defined the construct in terms of individual differences in sensitivity and approach to reward, whereas other definitions of impulsivity describe rash unplanned behavior, risk taking, and novelty seeking ( Cloninger, 1987 ; Eysenck & Eysenck, 1991

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Evolution, Mind and Behaviour
Authors: Pablo Polo Polo, Jose Antonio Munoz-Reyes, Ana Maria Fernandez Tapia, Juan Enrique Wilson, and Enrique Turiégano

Brase , G. L. , & Guy , E. C. ( 2004 ). The demographics of mate value and self-esteem . Personality and Individual Differences , 36 , 471 – 484 . 10.1016/S0191-8869(03)00117-X

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. , & Friedman , N.P. ( 2012 ). The nature and organization of individual differences in executive functions: four general conclusions . Current directions in Psychological Science , 21 ( 1 ), 8 – 14

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(“ignorer” subgroup) not only totally ignored humans’ command but they were completely insensitive to the presence of familiar and unfamiliar humans showing different visual attention. This is so because individual differences in dogs’ reward responsiveness

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of the aforementioned processes is automatic and does not require attention or conscious effort. To some extent, we are also able to sense the position of joints and muscle tone consciously ( 7 ); however, there are considerable individual differences

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Journal of Behavioral Addictions
Authors: Fatih Canan, Servet Karaca, Melike Düzgün, Ayşe Merve Erdem, Esranur Karaçaylı, Nur Begüm Topan, Sang-Kyu Lee, Zu Wei Zhai, Murat Kuloğlu, and Marc N. Potenza

; Medland et al., 2010 ; Paul et al., 2006 ; Voracek & Dressler, 2007 , 2009 ). Thus, individual differences in terms of 2D:4D ratios may reflect genetic factors as well as in utero testosterone levels. Third, we assessed PPIU by use of a standardized

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. M. , & Zald , D. H. ( 2012 ). Dopaminergic mechanisms of individual differences in human effort-based decision-making . Journal of Neuroscience, 32 ( 18 ), 6170 – 6176 . doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6459-11.2012 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.6459

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